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Tuta absoluta moth caused heavy loss in tomato crops in Yemen

Community and ForumBlogTuta absoluta moth caused heavy loss in tomato crops in Yemen

Lev Bely, 23.04.2013 23:23

The Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation said that it has been unable to wipe out the Tuta absoluta moth that was discovered late last year. As reported, the moth destroyed 90% of tomato crops in Yemen bringing losses about $350 million.

Dr. Mohammed Al-Ghashm, the deputy minister of the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation said they have been spraying a pesticide on crops which kills the male moth, leaving the female’s eggs infertile.

Yemen got serious financial help from other countries. Al-Ghashm said the United States and Community Livelihood Project, a USAID program, granted Yemen $555,000 and $238, respectively. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization donated $120,000 to help combat the invasive moth in Yemen, according to Al-Ghashm.

The Government of Yemen allocated as well YR200 million (around $930,000) in addition to YR50 million (about $232,000) from the Credit Agriculture Cooperative Bank and the Fishing and Agriculture Fund.

Al-Ghashm said the ministry has also launched educational programs, distributing brochures and reaching out to other media outlets.

T. absoluta was first discovered in South America in 1970, then in Spain in 2006, and year later the pest widely spread over France, Italy, Greece, Malta, Morocco, Algeria and Libya. Turkey had it first losses in tomato crops in 2009 when local farms and greenhouses were damaged by T. absoluta.

Wajeeh Al-Matwkil, the head of Researches and Guidance Department at the Ministry of Agriculture, said the moth was first discovered in the northern governorate of Sa’ada in 2012 and later in the country’s west, in Tehama.

Al-Matwakil said the T. absoluta is a surprisingly resilient pest, immune to many types of pesticides. When farmers sprayed chemicals, the moths’ population grew.

Yahiya Al-Salami, a farmer in Dhamar, said the damages caused by this worm led to a rise in tomato prices across the country. “One kilogram of tomatoes used to cost YR200, less than $1. Now tomatoes cost as much as YR700, about $3,” said Al-Salami.

Yemen Times, http://www.yementimes.com

Photo: a damaged tomato, http://www.chemtica.com

How they fight against T. absoluta in Turkey (in Turkish, no translation)

All the rest posts on: Африка, вредители, опасная зона, сельское хозяйство

Comments

24.04.2013 0:38, Irina Nikulina

More than just a problem. Very dangerous thing((... Spreading incredibly fast. 10—12 generations per year! Chemicals are useless, maybe only pheromone traps and entomophagy, especially rapacious Macrolophus caliginosus that's used against Aleyrodidae. Yemen but a few(... This Tuta is coming to Ukraine and Russia. At the end of the last year www.fruit-inform.com reported that the South American moth was discovered in several south and north Ukrainian regions, massive infestations. This threatening pest that has already damaged about 300ha of land was supposedly carried with vegetables from Europe, Turkey and Syria, reported the Main State Plant Quarantine Inspection of Ukraine.
And the part about Russia((: "A dangerous South American pest Tuta absoluta discovered in Krasnodar region and the Republic of Adygea. In 2011 this insect was detected in four districts and three cities of Krasnodar region and in Maikopsky district of the Republic of Adygea, reported the press office of the Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance (Rosselkhoznadzor). Tomato mining moth damages tomato, aubergine, pepper and potato crops both in open and closed grounds... Loss in tomato crops may reach 50—100%, reported the press office of the Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance in Krasnodar region and the Republic of Adygea (http://www.fruit-inform.com).

25.08.2016 21:06, Evgeny Komarov

Ну последняя информация по Tuta absoluta следующая. Этот вредитель уже обычен в Астраханской области, а в этом году лично обнаружил в феромонных ловушках в Волгоградской - в Среднеахтубинском районе - "всероссийском огороде", как его часто величают. Ирина, а что ты имела в виду под "надеждой на феромонные ловушки"? Это не метод борьбы, а только средство выявления присутствия вида и определения сроков вылета имаго.

25.08.2016 22:08, Irina Nikulina

Евгений, на сегодня уже поняла, что это метод мониторинга, а тогда вся информация была взята с http://www.fruit-inform.com, и там, кстати, до сих пор периодически проскакивают такие заголовки новостей, как, например, -"В Испании внедряют феромонные ловушки для борьбы с томатной молью", правда, с оговоркой, что это очень дорогой метод борьбы)... Грустные новости про туту в Волгоградской области(

25.08.2016 22:11, Evgeny Komarov

Увы, пресса столько лапши вешает ...

25.08.2016 22:45, Peter Khramov

В огородных магазинах море феромонных ловушек именно для борьбы продается. Насчет эффективности — не проверял.

26.08.2016 1:03, Yuri Semejkin

Феромоны, феромонами,-но они должны быть подобраны под определённое семейство или даже подсемейство и не просрочены.

27.08.2016 9:41, Evgeny Komarov

Петр! В огородных магазинах еще и не такое продают :) А уж если рекламу посмотреть/послушать ...

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