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Apoda limacodes (Hufnagel, 1766)

Самец  (Apoda limacodes)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Zygaenoidea family Limacodidae subfamily Limacodinae genus Apoda → species Apoda limacodes

Species name(s)

Apoda limacodes (Hufnagel, 1766) = Phalaena limacodes Hufnagel, 1766 = Phalaena avellana Linnaeus, 1758 = Bombyx testudo Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775 = Phalaena funalis Donovan, 1794 = Cochlidion limacodes.


Zoogeographical regions


Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny*; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky.

* An asterisk denotes a region for which the species is listed as an migrant or information that requires additional checking.

Forewing length

11—13 mm.

Primary colors

Orange, Yellow, Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage


Самец  (Apoda limacodes)

Detailed information with references

Synonyms and combinations

  • Cochlidion limacodes [11]. Peter Khramov.

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing - 1.1-1.3 cm, the males are smaller than females. The abdomen is thicker, the color of the wings may vary from dark brown to dark yellow, two wings darker lines. [5]. Peter Khramov.


  • Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Denmark, Greece, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, the Soviet Union - the European part of Turkey - European part of France, the Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, the European North-West (?), The European Central Black Earth, Central European, Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Mid-Volzhsky, South Ural. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Corsica, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania Macedonia, Netherlands, Norway (mainland), Poland, Russia, Romania, Sicily, Slovakia,Slovenia, Turkey (European part), Ukraine, France (mainland), Croatia, Cycladic, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • Woodlouse spread throughout Europe. [5]. Peter Khramov.


  • From May to July. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Flight in oak and beech forests. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • From July to September. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Oak. Beech. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Larva

  • Caterpillars move imperceptibly sliding movements (like snails or slugs), have blyushnyh feet. Thoracic legs barely developed. "At the time of hatching it is very tender, juicy and colorless," but almost immediately appear on it challenging spikes that before were hidden in holes. Later thorns will turn into mere projections. [11]. Peter Khramov.

Overwintering stage

  • It hibernates in the pupal stage. [5]. Peter Khramov.


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Vitaly Gumenuk, Evgeny Komarov.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.



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30.01.2014 20:00, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Pupa.

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Project editor in chief and administrator: Peter Khramov.

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