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Phengaris arionides (Staudinger, 1887)

Самец  (Phengaris arionides)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Papilionoidea family Lycaenidae subfamily Polyommatinae tribe Polyommatini genus Phengaris → species Phengaris arionides

Species name(s)

Phengaris arionides (Staudinger, 1887) = Maculinea arionides (Staudinger, 1887) = Lycaena arionides Staudinger, 1887.


Zoogeographical regions


Russia regions

#37. Nizhne-Amursky; #40. Primorsky.


28—45 mm.

Primary colors


Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage


Имаго  (Phengaris arionides)

Detailed information with references

Synonyms and combinations

  • Maculinea arionides. [3]. Peter Khramov.

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • The largest species in the genus. Wingspan 28-45mm. The wings of the male top cobalt blue, with a black front fender rim width of approx. 3mm and clear large black spots in the middle area. The rear wing with a chain round spots along the edge. The female is larger, its wings wider, black and brown pattern developed stronger all the spots are larger, wide rim, up to 6 mm.The underside of the wings bluish-white with numerous black spots and spraying azure scales at the root. [103]. Irina Nikulina.


  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Lower Amur, Seaside. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Outside of Russia in China, Korea, Japan
    It lives in the mountain pine-deciduous forests. The mountain comes to a height of 1200-1300m above sea level During the period of abundant flowering plants mountain climbs up to the Alpine meadows and clearings in the area of ​​spruce-fir taiga. [2]. Irina Nikulina.


  • The second half of July to end of August [2]. Irina Nikulina.

Additional info about Imago

  • Imago particularly like visiting inflorescences of the genus Sorbaria (Fieldfare) [2]. Irina Nikulina.

Larva food plants

  • The caterpillars feed on the early ages Labiatae genus Rabdosia - Rabdosia excise (prutevik cut) and Rabdosia japonica var. Glaucocalyx (prutevik Japanese sizochashechny) [2]. Irina Nikulina.

Additional info about Larva

  • After the second moult the caterpillars have on abdominal segments formed myrmecophilous special glands that produce the same flavors as the larvae of certain types of ants.The ants, caterpillars taking the smell of their larvae, take care of them, dragging an anthill, where caterpillars older and live by feeding on the larvae of ants. Caterpillars overwinter in the anthill. Caterpillars of 1st instar reddish in older age - pinkish-yellowish-white. [2]. Irina Nikulina.


  • Pupa light yellow, brown pozzhe-. Pupation occurs in an anthill. [2]. Irina Nikulina.


  • Eggs are greenish, later lighter. The female lays one egg on the feed. plant [2]. Irina Nikulina.

Overwintering stage

  • Caterpillar [2]. Irina Nikulina.

Subspecies Phengaris arionides


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Vladimir Mescheryakov, Irina Nikulina.

Text data: Peter Khramov, Irina Nikulina.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.



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27.11.2014 22:43, Peter Khramov

Stas, you can throw a source that can be prostavyat as adding species taxon in? It would be better with a preliminary zaneneseniem him in Literature section (if it is not there).

26.01.2014 18:42, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Wingspan: No formalized data → 28—45 mm. Flight time: No formalized data → July, August. Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Larva.

07.02.2011 17:58, Peter Khramov

Updated data.

06.02.2011 14:05, Vasiliy Feoktistov

(Staudinger, 1887)

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