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Proserpinus proserpina (Pallas, 1772)

Имаго  (Proserpinus proserpina)

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Bombycoidea family Sphingidae subfamily Macroglossinae tribe Macroglossini subtribe Macroglossina genus Proserpinus → species Proserpinus proserpina

Species name(s)

Proserpinus proserpina (Pallas, 1772) = Sphinx proserpina Pallas, 1772 = Sphinx oenotherae [Schiffermüller], 1775 = Sphinx schiffermilleri Fuessly, 1779 = francofurtana (Fabricius, 1781) = Proserpinus aenotheroides Butler, [1876] = maxima (Grum-Grshimailo, 1887) = japetus (Grum-Grshimailo, 1890) = brunnea (Geest, 1903) = attenuata Schultz, 1904 = grisea Rebel, 1910 = infumata Closs, 1911 = schmidti Schmidt, 1914 = Proserpinus proserpina gigas Oberthür, 1922 = Proesrpinus proserpina.

Willowherb Hawk-moth

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:2840

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic.

Russia regions

#4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny*; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky*; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #22. Krasnoyarsky*; #23. Predaltaisky*.

* An asterisk denotes a region for which the species is listed as an migrant or information that requires additional checking.

Forewing length

19—21 mm.

Primary colors

Orange, Green, Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage

Pupa.

Имаго  (Proserpinus proserpina)

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing - up to 2.1 cm. A bit like an ordinary yazykana, but the top of the wings with a clearer picture. In the middle of the front wings - a dark stripe on the hind wings yellow - brown border.There are also differences from yazykana in the form of wings (at prezerpiny - a wavy edge) and in the form of the abdomen (from prezerpiny it does not end with characteristic yazykana tail). [5]. Peter Khramov.

Distribution

  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Spain, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Sicily, Slovakia, the Soviet Union - the European part of Turkey - European part of France, the Czech Republic, Switzerland, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, the European North-West (?), The European Central Black Earth, the European Central, Western Caucasus, Krasnoyarsk (?), Lower Volga (?) Prealtay (?) Mid-Volzhsky, South West Siberian, South Ural. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Albania, Andorra, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, the British Isles, France, Germany, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Corsica, Latvia, Luxembourg, Macedonia Netherlands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Russia, Romania, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia,Turkey (European part), Ukraine, France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • Range: Central and Southern Europe, in the north is not found. In the mountains can rise up to 1500 m. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Lifespan

  • From May to June. One generation. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Places volley: sunny slopes and swampy forests. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • Larva: from July to August. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Epilobium hirsutum, Epilobium angustifolium, Epilobium palustre, Epilobium dodonaei, Epilobium montanum, Oenothera biennis, Lythrum salicaria. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Evening primrose, purple loosestrife loosestrife, plants from kipreyny. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Larva

  • Outside caterpillars hawk zubokrylogo more mundane than that of many of his relatives - larva prezerpiny dirty-green, with very little horn at the rear end of the body. Caterpillar is active at night and looking for pupation small depression in the ground. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Overwintering stage

  • The pupa overwinters in a depression in the soil. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Proserpinus proserpina

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Evgeny Komarov, Vitaly Gumenuk.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

References

Comments

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30.01.2014 20:50, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Pupa.

02.07.2009 12:59, Vasiliy Feoktistov

Caterpillar can be safely nurse on willow-tea (Cyprus).

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