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Sphinx pinastri (Linnaeus, 1758)

Имаго  (Sphinx pinastri)

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Bombycoidea family Sphingidae subfamily Sphinginae tribe Sphingini genus Sphinx → species Sphinx pinastri

Species name(s)

Sphinx pinastri (Linnaeus, 1758) = Hyloicus pinastri (Linnaeus, 1758) = Sphinx piceae Gleditsch, 1775 = Sphinx saniptri Strecker, 1876 = Hyloicus asiaticus Butler, 1875 = fasciata Lampa, 1885 = brunnea Spuler, 1903 = grisea (Tutt, 1904) = grisea-distincta (Tutt, 1904) = grisea-mediopuncta (Tutt, 1904) = grisea-transversa (Tutt, 1904) = typica-virgata (Tutt, 1904) = unicolor (Tutt, 1904) = albicans (Austaut, 1907) = fuliginosa Lambillion, 1907 = ferrea Closs, 1920 = vittata (Closs, 1920) = minor Stephan, 1924 = rubida (Cabeau, 1925) = semilugens (Andreas, 1925) = albescens (Cockayne, 1926) = albicolor (Cockayne, 1926) = stehri Stephan, 1926 = Hyloicus pinastri cenisius Jordan, 1931 = Hyloicus pinastri medialis Jordan, 1931 = nigrescens (Lempke, 1959) = cingulata (Lempke, 1964) = Hyloicus pinastri euximus Derzhavets, 1979 = selon (de Freina & Witt, 1987).

Pine Hawk-moth

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:2856

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic.

Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky*; #2. Kolsky; #3. Karelsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #6. Evropeisky Severo-Vostochny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #15. Severo-Uralsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky.

* An asterisk denotes a region for which the species is listed as an migrant or information that requires additional checking.

Forewing length

35—40 mm.

Primary colors

Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Самец и самка  (Sphinx pinastri)

Detailed information with references

Synonyms and combinations

  • Hyloicus pinastri. [3]. Peter Khramov.

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing - from 3.5 to 4 cm. The top of the front wings gray-brown, wavy, hiding a butterfly on the bark of trees pattern. The top of the rear wings plain, dark brown, which distinguishes it from many other hawk, whose rear wings still bright.LikeSphinx ligustri, abdomen striped pine hawk, but strips are not as clear as that of a similar kind. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Distribution

  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Denmark, Greece, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sicily, Slovakia, the Soviet Union - the European part of Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, the European North-East, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, the Kaliningrad (?), Karelia, Kola, the North Urals, Mid-Volzhsky, Mid-Urals , Southern Urals. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Albania, Andorra, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, the British Isles, France, Germany, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Italy (mainland), Corsica, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland, Russia, Romania, North Aegean,Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • The area - the whole of Europe would be coniferous forests. In the east - to Lake Baikal. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Lifespan

  • Moths fly from May to July. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Typical habitat - yes spruce pine forests, especially good for a pine, for it is in the pine needles of the female hawk moths will lay eggs. Imago active at twilight, like fragrant flowers, such as honeysuckle and Saponaria. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • The caterpillar lives from July to September. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Pinus silvestris, Pinus strobus, Pinus cembra, Larix sibirica, Larix decidua, Picea abies. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • The larvae feed on the pine, rarely used as food fir and larch. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Larva

  • The body of the caterpillar S. pinastri bright green, with wide brown stripe on the back and white stripes on the sides. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Sphinx pinastri

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Nikolai Vladimirov, Igor Sakhno.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

References

Comments

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