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Zeuzera pyrina (Linnaeus, 1761)

Самец  (Zeuzera pyrina)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Cossoidea family Cossidae subfamily Zeuzerinae genus Zeuzera → species Zeuzera pyrina

Species name(s)

Zeuzera pyrina (Linnaeus, 1761) = aesculi (Linnaeus, 1767) = Zeuzera decipiens Kirby, 1892.

Leopard Moth


Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic, Nearctic.

Russia regions

#4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny*; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky*.

* An asterisk denotes a region for which the species is listed as an migrant or information that requires additional checking.

Forewing length

16—35 mm.


65—70 mm.

Primary colors

Yellow, Brown/Gray/Black, White.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage


Самец  (Zeuzera pyrina)

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing - 1,6-3 cm. The females reach up to 3.5 cm. Painting white with black spots of different sizes, on the back of 6 blue spots, similar to the dice. The antennae of males - comb up the middle. [5]. Peter Khramov.
  • The wingspan of up to 70 mm. Butterfly white, in small angular blue-black spots. [11]. Peter Khramov.


  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Denmark, Greece, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Crete, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, USSR - the European part of Turkey - European part of France, the Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, the European North-West (?), The European Central Black Earth, Central European, Western Caucasus, Lower Volga, Mid-Volzhsky, South West Siberian (?), South Ural. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Albania, Andorra, the Balearic Islands, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Dodecanese Islands, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Cyprus, Corsica, Crete, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia,Malta, the Netherlands, Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Romania, Russia, Sardinia, North Aegean Islands, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey (European part), Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland part), Croatia, Cycladic, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia,Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • The whole of Europe. [5]. Peter Khramov.


  • Beginning of June - the end of August. [5]. Peter Khramov.
  • From June to July. [11]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Parks and avenues, the neighborhood of mixed forests - a meeting place with a butterfly. Corrosive drevesnitsa active at night, when she can successfully catch the light. Butterflies do not fly often, even when grossly disturbed. [5]. Peter Khramov.
  • Moths fly hard. [11]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • Caterpillars live from August to April. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Salix, Corylus, Quercus, Acer, Alnus, Fagus, Fraxinus, Crataegus, Prunus, Malus. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Often - buckeye. And generally - larvae were found 150 species of deciduous trees. [5]. Peter Khramov.
  • Maple, lime, apple, beech, elm, ash and other deciduous trees, rarely - coniferous (spruce). [11]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Larva

  • Although the larvae of this moth for behavior similar to caterpillarsCossus cossus, they penetrate into the wood immediately after hatching from eggs and moves done in the smaller branches, moving as they mature into larger, but still remain within the young shoots. Track dorostayut only up to 4 cm in thickness and they are less larvae Cossus cossus.Live caterpillars at least 2 years. [5]. Peter Khramov.
  • Caterpillar yellowish-white, with black hairy tubercles. Larvae length - 60 mm. Young caterpillars bites in the shoots and leaf petioles and in the kidneys, gnawing them from the inside. In the autumn the larvae move on young branches, which gnaw tunnels under the bark and hardwood.Wintered here, the tracks go in the spring to a thick branch or to the trunk, where during the summer sharpen their final moves. The course consists of a broad inlet chamber and exhaust from it in wood Channel, which soon goes up. Here, the caterpillar will be winter again.Next spring the larva drevesnitsy bring progress to the full-length (14-20 cm) and a width of 1 cm and pupate in the upper part of the channel, cut off its transverse partition.
    Caterpillar provides its course clean and throws out a bowel movement (as it may be contaminated uzant tree). [11]. Peter Khramov.


  • Pupation occurs in one of the moves within the timber escape for dolls are characterized by high mobility - before the release of half of adults they protrude outwards. [5]. Peter Khramov.


  • Females lay eggs Zeuzera pyrina not without the help of a long ovipositor, one by one, into the cracks of the bark of trees. [5]. Peter Khramov.
  • Eggs are laid mainly on the tops of the trees, they are glued to the female alone bark of young shoots. [11]. Peter Khramov.

Overwintering stage

  • Caterpillar. [5]. Peter Khramov.
  • Caterpillar twice. [11]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Zeuzera pyrina


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Vitaly Gumenuk, Evgeny Komarov.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.



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11.08.2014 17:48, Peter Khramov Corrected data.

Wingspan: 70 mm → 65—70 mm.

11.08.2014 17:48, Peter Khramov Corrected data.

Wingspan: 65—70 mm → 70 mm.

11.08.2014 17:48, Peter Khramov Corrected data.

Wingspan: 70—70 mm → 65—70 mm.

11.08.2014 17:47, Peter Khramov Corrected data.

Wingspan: No formalized data → 70—70 mm.

30.01.2014 20:40, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Larva.

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Project editor in chief and administrator: Peter Khramov.

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