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Celastrina argiolus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Самец  (Celastrina argiolus)

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Papilionoidea family Lycaenidae subfamily Polyommatinae tribe Polyommatini genus Celastrina → species Celastrina argiolus

Species name(s)

Celastrina argiolus (Linnaeus, 1758) = Papilio argiolus Linnaeus, 1758 = Papilio cleobis Sulzer, 1776 = Papilio marginatus Retzius, 1783 = Papilio acis Fabricius, 1787 = paraleuca (Röber, 1897) = Celastrina argiola.

Holly Blue

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:8436

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic.

Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #2. Kolsky; #3. Karelsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #5. Nenetsko-Novozemelsky tundrovy; #6. Evropeisky Severo-Vostochny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #15. Severo-Uralsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #18. Nizhneobsky; #19. Sredneobsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #21. Severo-Yeniseisky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky; #25. Tuvinsky; #26. Predbaikalsky; #27. Pribaikalsky; #28. Zabaikalsky; #29. Zapadno-Yakutsky; #31. Yuzhno-Yakutsky; #36. Sredne-Amursky*.

* An asterisk denotes a region for which the species is listed as an migrant or information that requires additional checking.

Forewing length

13—16 mm.

Primary colors

Blue, Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage

Pupa.

Самка  (Celastrina argiolus)

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Fore wing length ranges from 1.3 to 1.6 cm. The males are smaller than females, painted in blue, females released rim wings with brown trim. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Distribution

  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Crete, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, Gorno-Altaisk, the European North-East, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, Transbaikalia, Western Caucasus, Western Yakutia, Kaliningrad, Karelia, Kola, Krasnoyarsk,Nenets-Novaya Zemlya tundra, Lower Volga, Nizhneobsky, Prealtay, of Baikal, Pribaikalskiy, North Yenisei, the North Urals, Mid-Amur (?) Mid-Volzhsky, Mid-Ural, Sredneobskaya, Tuva, South West Siberian, South Ural, South Yakutia. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Albania, Austria, Baleares, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Dodecanese Islands, Ireland, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Cyprus, Corsica, Crete, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg,Macedonia, Malta, Netherlands, Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Northern Ireland, Northern Aegean Islands, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey (European part), Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland), Croatia, Cycladic, Czech Republic,Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • The area - Europe, in the mountains at an altitude of 1000 m. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Lifespan

  • Buckthorn copper-butterfly gives 2 generations. First mid-April - mid-June. Second: July-August. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Places volley - meadows, fields and forest edge. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • The first generation of caterpillars: August-September. Second June. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Rubus, Ribes, Rhamnus, Chamaecystis, Lupinus, Vaccinium, Vicia, Cornus, Malus, Prunus, Polygonum, Quercus, Arbutus. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Buckthorn. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Overwintering stage

  • Winters have Celastrina argiolus doll. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Celastrina argiolus

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Evgeny Komarov, Nikolai Vladimirov.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

References

Comments

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26.01.2014 20:04, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Pupa.

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