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Phengaris teleius (Bergstrasser, 1779)

Самец  Phengaris teleius


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Papilionoidea family Lycaenidae subfamily Polyommatinae tribe Polyommatini genus Phengaris → species Phengaris teleius

Species name(s)

Phengaris teleius (Bergstrasser, 1779) = Maculinea teleius (Bergstrasser, 1779) = Papilio teleius Bergsträsser, [1779] = Papilio diomedes Rottemburg, 1775 = Papilio telegonus Bergsträsser, [1779] = Papilio euphemus Hübner, 1800 = Maculinea telejus = Maculinea teleia.

Scarce Large Blue


Zoogeographical regions


Russia regions

#7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky; #25. Tuvinsky*; #26. Predbaikalsky; #27. Pribaikalsky; #28. Zabaikalsky; #31. Yuzhno-Yakutsky; #36. Sredne-Amursky; #37. Nizhne-Amursky; #38. Sakhalin; #39. Yuzhno-Kurilsky; #40. Primorsky.

* An asterisk denotes a region for which the species is listed as an migrant or information that requires additional checking.

Forewing length

18—20 mm.

Primary colors

Blue, Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage


Самец  Phengaris teleius

Detailed information with references

Synonyms and combinations

  • Maculinea teleius. [3]. Peter Khramov.

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Fore wing length up to 2 cm, so this is one of the largest European butterflies blues. For a species characterized by a wide dark border and a few dark spots on it, and in females it is still larger than the males, but the latter point is darker. [5]. Peter Khramov.


  • Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Spain, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, the Soviet Union - the European part of France, the Czech Republic, Switzerland, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, Gorno-Altaisk, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, Transbaikalia, Western Caucasus, Krasnoyarsk, Nizhny-Amur, Prealtay, of Baikal, Pribaikalskiy, Primorye, Sakhalin, Mid-Amur, Middle-Volga, Urals Average, Tuva (?), The South West Siberian Yuzhno-Kuril, South Ural, South Yakutia. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • Habitat: South Central Europe, east extended up to Japan. [5]. Peter Khramov.


  • From late June to mid-August. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Maculinea teleius indifferent to wet meadows. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • The caterpillar lives from the summer until the spring of next year, overwinters in the anthill. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Sanguisorba officinalis, indifferent to the caterpillars ants Myrmica scabrinodis. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Burnet. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Overwintering stage

  • Caterpillar. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Phengaris teleius


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Yuriy Karpov.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.



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26.01.2014 19:38, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Caterpillar lifespan: No formalized data → January, February, March, April, May, June, August, September, October, November, December. Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Larva.

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