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Polyommatus icarus (Rottemburg, 1775)

Самец  (Polyommatus icarus)

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Papilionoidea family Lycaenidae subfamily Polyommatinae tribe Polyommatini genus Polyommatus subgenus Polyommatus → species Polyommatus icarus

Species name(s)

Polyommatus (Polyommatus) icarus (Rottemburg, 1775) = Papilio icarus Rottemburg, 1775 = Papilio argus Poda, 1761 = Papilio alexis Scopoli, 1763 = Papilio thetis Esper, 1777 = Papilio pampholyge Bergsträsser, 1779 = Papilio candybus Bergsträsser, 1779 = Papilio candiope Bergsträsser, 1779 = Papilio candaon Bergsträsser, 1779 = Papilio oceanus Bergsträsser, 1779 = Papilio polyphemus Esper, 1779 = Papilio fusciolus Fourcroy, 1785 = icarinus (Scharfenberg, 1791) = oebalus (Hofmannsegg, 1804) = iphis Meigen, 1830 = pusillus (Gerhard, 1851) = zelleri Verity, 1919 = Lycaena taurica Venzmer, 1920 = Polyommatus (icarus) icarus = Lycaena alexis Herrich-Schäffer, 1844 = Polyommatus dorylas Jermyn 1827 = Polyommatus flavocinctata Rowland-Brown 1909.

Common Blue

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:8507

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic.

Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #2. Kolsky; #3. Karelsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #5. Nenetsko-Novozemelsky tundrovy; #6. Evropeisky Severo-Vostochny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #15. Severo-Uralsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #18. Nizhneobsky; #19. Sredneobsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #21. Severo-Yeniseisky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky; #25. Tuvinsky; #26. Predbaikalsky; #27. Pribaikalsky; #28. Zabaikalsky; #31. Yuzhno-Yakutsky; #35. Sredne-Okhotsky; #36. Sredne-Amursky; #37. Nizhne-Amursky; #38. Sakhalin; #39. Yuzhno-Kurilsky; #40. Primorsky.

Forewing length

12—15 mm.

Primary colors

Orange, Blue, Brown/Gray/Black, White.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Самка  (Polyommatus icarus)

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Длина переднего крыла 1,2—1,5 см. На исподе желтые пятна по краю крыльев и множество разбросанных черных пятен. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Distribution

  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Crete, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, Gorno-Altaisk, the European North-East, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, Transbaikalia, Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Karelia, Kola, Krasnoyarsk, the Nenets tundra-Novaya Zemlya,Nizhne-Amur, Lower Volga, Nizhneobsky, Prealtay, of Baikal, Pribaikalskiy, Primorye, Sakhalin, the North-Yenisei, the North Urals, Mid-Amur, Mid-Volzhsky, Average Okhotsk, Mid-Ural, Sredneobskaya, Tuva, South West Siberian, South Kuril, South Ural, South Yakutia. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Albania, Andorra, the Balearic Islands, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Dodecanese Islands, Ireland, Spain (mainland) Italy (mainland), the Canary Islands, Cyprus, Corsica, Crete, Latvia,Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Netherlands, Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Northern Ireland, Northern Aegean Islands, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey ( European part), Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland), Croatia,Cycladic Islands, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • Ареал — вся Европа, все острова Средиземного моря, в горах на высоте до 2000 м. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Lifespan

  • Бабочка дает до трех поколений в году, но чаще только два: первая генерация активна в мае—июне, вторая — с июля по сентябрь. Третья генерация бывает (если бывает) в октябре. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Икары предпочитают солнечные, сухие местообитания. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • .Гусеницы Polyommatus icarus встречаются с сентября по май и с июня по июль, зимуют. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Бобовые: клевер, стальник и другие. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Overwintering stage

  • Гусеница. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Polyommatus icarus

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Peter Khramov, Viktor Kolesnikov.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

References

Comments

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