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Hamearis lucina (Linnaeus, 1758)

Имаго  (Hamearis lucina)

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Papilionoidea family Riodinidae subfamily Riodininae tribe Hamearini genus Hamearis → species Hamearis lucina

Species name(s)

Hamearis lucina (Linnaeus, 1758) = Nemeobius lucina = Papilio lucina Linnaeus, 1758 = Nemeobius alba Gussich, 1917 = Nemeobius albomaculata Blachier & Gregson, 1867 = Nemeobius constellata Lambillion, 1913 = Nemeobius browni Oberthür, 1923 = Nemeobius erica Stephens, 1924 = Nemeobius fulva Osthelder, 1925 = Nemeobius fulvior Rocci, 1905 = Nemeobius gracilens Derenne, 1927 = Hamearis latevittata Verity 1943 = Nemeobius leucodes Lambillion, 1913 = Nemeobius nana Stephens, 1924 = Nemeobius obscura Herrich-Schäffer, 1843 = Nemeobius obsoleta Tutt, 1896 = Nemeobius pallida Gussich, 1917 = Nemeobius parvifulvior Verity & Querci, 1923 = Nemeobius primipara Agassiz, 1900 = Nemeobius schwingenschussi Rebel, 1906 = Nemeobius semibrunnea Osthelder, 1925 = Nemeobius sorini Pionneau, 1926 = Nemeobius thurneri Dannehl, 1925.

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:8853

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic.

Russia regions

#8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky*.

* An asterisk denotes a region for which the species is listed as an migrant or information that requires additional checking.

Wingspan

14—17 mm.

Primary colors

Orange, White.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Имаго  (Hamearis lucina)

Detailed information with references

Synonyms and combinations

  • Nemeobius lucina. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Размах крыльев — от 14 до 17 мм. Верх крыльев темно-коричневый с красно-коричневыми пятнами (последние более заметны на передних крыльях бабочки), испод крыльев также коричневого цвета, на нем располагаются красные пятна, а на задних крыльях к ним добавляются еще и белые. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Distribution

  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Denmark, Greece, Spain, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sicily, Slovakia, the Soviet Union - the European part of Turkey - European part, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, the European Central Black Earth, Central European, Western Caucasus, Middle-Volzhsky, Southern Ural (?). [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg Macedonia, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Russia, Romania, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia,Turkey (European part), Ukraine, France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • Ареал — Европа, исключая Южную Испанию, материковую Италию, Корсику, Грецию, Сардинию. На севере Европы отсутствует на большей части Великобритании, в Ирландии, Дании, большей части Скандинавии и в Финляндии. Летает в Малой Азии, на юге европейской части России, ранее ареал люцины на территории РФ доходил до Московской области. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Lifespan

  • Время лёта: май — конец июня. В южной части ареала бывает второе поколение в августе—сентябре. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Краснокнижный вид из редкой для РФ группы Riodininae. Местообитания: опушки лиственных лесов, лесные луга, предпочитает холмистую местность, известковые почвы. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • Гусеница: июнь—август. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Primula veris, Primula vulgaris. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Примулы, вне России это, к примеру, Primula elatior. Имеются сведения о питании гусениц Hamearis lucina на щавеле. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Overwintering stage

  • Зимует куколка. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Evgeny Komarov, Igor Sakhno.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

References

Comments

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