E-mail: Password: Create an Account Recover password

Authors Contacts Get involved Русская версия


Smerinthus ocellatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Имаго  (Smerinthus ocellatus)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Bombycoidea family Sphingidae subfamily Smerinthinae tribe Smerinthini genus Smerinthus → species Smerinthus ocellatus

Species name(s)

Smerinthus ocellatus (Linnaeus, 1758) = Sphinx ocellata Linnaeus, 1758 = Sphinx semipavo Retzius, 1783 = Sphinx salicis Hübner, 1796 = Smerinthus ocellata cinerascens Staudinger, 1879. [9, 10]

Eyed Hawk-moth.



This species marks on the maps: 8.

Zoogeographical regions


Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #3. Karelsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #6. Evropeisky Severo-Vostochny*; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #15. Severo-Uralsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky.

* An asterisk denotes a region for which the species is listed as an migrant or information that requires additional checking.

Forewing length

40—45 mm.

Primary colors

Red, Blue, Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage


Самец и самка  (Smerinthus ocellatus)

Detailed information with references


  • Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, the Soviet Union - the European part Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1].
  • Albania, Andorra, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Ireland, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Corsica Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, the Netherlands,Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Northern Ireland, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey (European part), Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10].
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, Gorno-Altaisk, the European Northeast (?), The European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, Central European, European southern taiga, the Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Karelia, Lower Volga, Prealtay, North Urals, the Volga-Average, Average Urals, South West Siberian, South Urals. [3].
  • All of Europe - up to 62 ° in the north to the south of the Balkans. [5].

Imago Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing - up to 4-4.5 cm. In front wings alone fully protective coloration zarkyvayut bright red hind wings with blue eyes. This butterfly is not poisonous, so if it fails to scare birds suddenly appearing eyes, the sad fate it can not be avoided. [5].

General info about Imago

  • Meadows and orchards, parks and zakustarennye habitat. It flies at night. [5].

Imago lifespan

  • From May to July. In the good years - the second generation in August, September, and even October. [5].

General info about Larva

  • Caterpillar bright green, with a "face" and "tail". The body - oblique whitish lines and small white flecks. For pupation a caterpillar crawling into the groove in the soil or in a crack in the trunk, and then rebuilding it cocoon. [5].

Larva food plants / other food objects

  • Salix, S. fragilis, S. alba, S. viminalis, S. caprea, S. aurita, S. cinerea, S. myrsinifolia, S. phylicifolia, Betula, Populus tremula, Malus domestica, Prunus padus, Pyrus communis, Viburnum opulus , Alnus glutinosa, A. incana. [28].
  • Pear and plum, apple, poplar and willow with cherry. [5].

Larva lifespan

  • The larvae develop from July to September. [5].

Overwintering stage

  • Winters doll. [5].

Subspecies of Smerinthus ocellatus


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Sergey Talanov, Vitaly Gumenuk.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

The species characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.



Note: you should have a Insecta.pro account to upload new topics and comments. Please, create an account or log in to add comments

03.12.2023 9:05, Evgeny Komarov Corrected data.

Smerinthus ocellatus (Linnaeus, 1758) удален из синонимов

03.12.2023 9:05, Evgeny Komarov Corrected data.

Smerinthus ocellatus (Linnaeus, 1758) удален из синонимов

03.12.2023 9:04, Evgeny Komarov Corrected data.

Smerinthus ocellata (Linnaeus, 1758) → Smerinthus ocellatus (Linnaeus, 1758).

30.01.2014 20:48, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Pupa.

Insecta.pro: international entomological community. Terms of use and publishing policy.

Project editor in chief and administrator: Peter Khramov.

Curators: Konstantin Efetov, Vasiliy Feoktistov, Svyatoslav Knyazev, Evgeny Komarov, Stan Korb, Alexander Zhakov.

Moderators: Vasiliy Feoktistov, Evgeny Komarov, Dmitriy Pozhogin, Alexandr Zhakov.

Thanks to all authors, who publish materials on the website.

© Insects catalog Insecta.pro, 2007—2024.

Species catalog enables to sort by characteristics such as expansion, flight time, etc..

Photos of representatives Insecta.

Detailed insects classification with references list.

Few themed publications and a living blog.