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Saturnia pavonia (Linnaeus, 1758)

Самка  (Saturnia pavonia)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Bombycoidea family Saturniidae subfamily Saturniinae tribe Saturniini genus Saturnia subgenus Eudia → species Saturnia pavonia

Species name(s)

Saturnia (Eudia) pavonia (Linnaeus, 1758) = Eudia pavonia (Linnaeus, 1758) = Phalaena pavonia Linnaeus, 1758 = minor Linnaeus, 1758 = Bombyx carpini Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775 = alpina Favre, 1897 = borealis Rangnow, 1935 = lapponica Lingonblad, 1936 = lappmarchica Bryk, 1948. [3, 9, 10]

Emperor Moth.



This species marks on the maps: 6.

Zoogeographical regions


Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky*; #2. Kolsky; #3. Karelsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #6. Evropeisky Severo-Vostochny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky*; #15. Severo-Uralsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #19. Sredneobsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky; #25. Tuvinsky*; #26. Predbaikalsky; #27. Pribaikalsky; #28. Zabaikalsky; #31. Yuzhno-Yakutsky; #36. Sredne-Amursky; #37. Nizhne-Amursky; #40. Primorsky.

* An asterisk denotes a region for which the species is listed as an migrant or information that requires additional checking.

Forewing length

20—35 mm.


50—75 mm.

Primary colors

Brown/Gray/Black, White.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage


Самка  (Saturnia pavonia)

Detailed information with references

Taxonomy, synonyms and combinations

  • Eudia pavonia. [3].


  • Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, the Soviet Union - the European part Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1].
  • Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, the British Isles, Germany, Denmark (mainland), Ireland, Spain (mainland) ?, Corse ?, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Russia, Sardinia?, Northern Ireland, Slovakia, Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland), Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia. [10].
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasian (?), Gorno-Altaisk, the European North-East, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, Transbaikalia, Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad (?), Karelia, Kola, Krasnoyarsk, Nizhny-Amur, Prealtay, of Baikal, Pribaikalskiy, Seaside, North Urals, Mid-Amur, Mid-Volzhsky, Mid-Ural, Sredneobskaya, Tuva (?), South-West-Siberian, South Ural , South Yakutia. [3].
  • The area: the whole of Europe, to Central Sweden and Finland in the north. In the mountains - up to 2000 m. [5].

Imago Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing is in the range of 2-3.5 cm. FromSaturnia pyrithis type is different not only in size, but the color, as well as the lack of black stripes on the wings. Males are smaller than females, more slender and well-developed comb mustache, and gray-brown-coated on the rear fenders. [5].

General info about Imago

  • Imago Saturnia pavonia fly through the swamps, warm glades of deciduous and mixed forests, along forest roads and heath. Dense forests with undergrowth of heather yes, but still intact (at least malotronutye) man attracted them even more. Females fly at night. Males fly during the day.During the day, the females send odorous signals willingness to mate, and males, as usual, these segnaly caught and their source in flight looking for. [5].

Imago lifespan

  • One generation from early April to May (in the European part of Russia - from May to June). [5].

General info about Larva

  • First caterpillars live in groups, then individually. Warts on the body of the caterpillar yellow or red, which distinguishes it from caterpillar Peacock big night. In order to pupation, the larva builds a pear-shaped slot between the branches, with a hole in the top of the exit of the imago. [5].

Larva food plants / other food objects

  • Betula, Alnus incana, Quercus robur, Salix, Populus tremula, Rosa, Fragaria ananassa, Alchemilla, Rubus, Potentilla palustris, Filipendula ulmaria, Malus domestica, Sorbus aucuparia, Rhamnus, Calluna vulgaris, Vaccinium. [28].
  • Raspberries, blackberries, rose, willow and blackthorn with heather. [5].

Larva lifespan

  • Caterpillar small night peacock eye lives in May, June and July. [5].


  • Otklayvayutsya eggs on the stems of brush. [5].

Overwintering stage

  • Winters doll. [5].

Subspecies of Saturnia pavonia


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Evgeny Komarov, Sergey Talanov.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

The species characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov, Vasiliy Feoktistov.



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30.05.2014 20:48, Vasiliy Feoktistov Corrected data.

Wingspan: No formalized data → 50—75 mm.

30.01.2014 20:45, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Pupa.

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