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Macroglossum stellatarum (Linnaeus, 1758)

Имаго  (Macroglossum stellatarum)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Bombycoidea family Sphingidae subfamily Macroglossinae tribe Macroglossini subtribe Macroglossina genus Macroglossum → species Macroglossum stellatarum

Species name(s)

Macroglossum stellatarum (Linnaeus, 1758) = Sphinx stellatarum Linnaeus, 1758 = Sphinx flavida Retzius, 1783 = Macroglossa nigra Cosmovici, 1892 = subnubila Schultz, 1904 = fasciata Rebel, 1910 = convergens Constantini, 1916 = approximata Lempke, 1959 = clausa Lempke, 1959 = candidum Eitschberger, 1971 = minor Vilarubia, 1974. [9, 10]

Humming-bird Hawk-moth.



This species marks on the maps: 3.

Zoogeographical regions


Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #3. Karelsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky*; #38. Sakhalin; #40. Primorsky.

* An asterisk denotes a region for which the species is listed as an migrant or information that requires additional checking.

Forewing length

20—25 mm.

Primary colors

Orange, Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Имаго  (Macroglossum stellatarum)

Detailed information with references


  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Iceland, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Crete, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1].
  • Austria, Azores, Albania, Andorra, Balearic Islands, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Ireland, Iceland, Spain (mainland part), Italy (mainland), the Canary Islands, Cyprus, Corsica, Crete,Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madeira, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, the Savage Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Northern Ireland, Northern Aegean Islands Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey (European part), Ukraine,Finland, France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10].
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, Gorno-Altaisk (?), The European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, the Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Karelia, Krasnoyarsk, Lower Volga, Prealtay, Primorye, Sakhalin, Mid-Volzhsky, Mid-Ural, South West Siberian, South Ural. [3].
  • Areal yazykanov - Southern Europe, the Alps and the fall in Central Europe, where they can even multiply, but do not reach the indigenous status due to adverse temperature conditions. [5].

Imago Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing - from 2 to 2.5 cm. Black-and-white end of the abdomen like a tail consisting of elongated scales, the tail allows yazykanu better maneuvering during the approach to the next flower. The front wings are brown, with less contrasting pattern than the prezerpiny, rear wings yellow or orange. [5].

General info about Imago

  • The southern slopes and sunny cutting, heath and forest edges. Moths are active during the day, including a hot afternoon. Into the Wild Macroglossum stellatarum looking for nectar in flowers cornflowers soapwort and bruises, and in cultivated landscapes in the geraniums, petunias and phlox. [5].

Imago lifespan

  • Hobotnik flies in two generations - from May to July and September to October. [5].

Larva food plants / other food objects

  • Galium, Rubia, Carduus, Phlox, Petunia, Aster, Centaurea, Stellaria. [28].
  • Bedstraw. [5].

Larva lifespan

  • Two generations of caterpillars, from September to October and from June to August. [5].


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Igor Torgachkin, Eugene Davkaev.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

The species characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.



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