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Sphinx ligustri (Linnaeus, 1758)

Имаго  (Sphinx ligustri)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Bombycoidea family Sphingidae subfamily Sphinginae tribe Sphingini genus Sphinx → species Sphinx ligustri

Species name(s)

Sphinx ligustri (Linnaeus, 1758) = Sphinx spiraeae Esper, 1800 = nisseni Rothschild & Jordan, 1903 = albescens Tutt, 1904 = brunnea Tutt, 1904 = incerta Tutt, 1904 = intermedia Tutt, 1904 = lutescens Tutt, 1904 = obscura Tutt, 1904 = pallida Tutt, 1904 = subpallida Tutt, 1904 = typica Tutt, 1904 = unifasciata Gschwandner, 1912 = rosacea Rebel, 1910 = Sphinx ligustri nisseni Rothschild & Jordan, 1916 = grisea Closs, 1917 = fraxini Dannehl, 1925 = perversa Gehlen, 1928 = chishimensis Matsumura, 1929 = seydeli Debauche, 1934 = brunnescens Lempke, 1959 = postrufescens Lempke, 1959 = cingulata Lempke, 1964 = Sphinx ligustri weryi Rungs, 1977 = Sphinx ligustri eichleri Eitschberger, Danner & Surholt, 1992 = zolotuhini Eitschberger & Lukhtanov, 1996. [9, 10]

Privet Hawk-moth.



This species marks on the maps: 2.

Zoogeographical regions


Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky; #25. Tuvinsky; #26. Predbaikalsky; #27. Pribaikalsky; #28. Zabaikalsky; #36. Sredne-Amursky; #37. Nizhne-Amursky; #39. Yuzhno-Kurilsky; #40. Primorsky.

Forewing length

45—62 mm.

Primary colors

Red, Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Имаго  (Sphinx ligustri)

Detailed information with references


  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Denmark, Greece, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, the Soviet Union - the European part Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1].
  • Albania, Andorra, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Corsica, Latvia , Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (mainland)Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10].
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, Gorno-Altaisk, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, Transbaikalia, Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Krasnoyarsk, Nizhny-Amur, Lower Volga, Prealtay, of Baikal, Pribaikalskiy , Seaside, Mid-Amur,Middle-Volga, Urals Average, Tuva, South West Siberian Yuzhno-Kuril, South Ural. [3].
  • The area - the whole of Europe to 62 ° N. w. [5].

Imago Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing may be from 4.5 to 6.2 cm! Females are larger than males. The top of the front wings brown with gray, red hind wings, with two wide red stripes and one internal black spot, lying in the same theme as the band.A bit like a purple pine hawk moth hawk (Sphinx pinastri), but the latter bands on the abdomen less clear. [5].

General info about Imago

  • Places volley: light deciduous forests, meadows and parks. Hover before flowers at dusk. [5].

Imago lifespan

  • From late May to July. [5].

General info about Larva

  • Caterpillars in adulthood are light green, with blue and violet transverse stripes. Living usually alone. [5].

Larva food plants / other food objects

  • Ligustrum, Ribes, Rubus idaeus, Spiraea, Sorbaria sorbifolia, Aruncus silvestris, Malus domestica, Fraxinus excelsior, Syringa, Viburnum opulus, Lonicera, Symphoricarpos. [28].
  • Privet. [5].

Larva lifespan

  • Larva: from July to September. [5].


  • Eggs are laid on the underside of leaves in the veins. [5].

Subspecies of Sphinx ligustri


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Andrey Ponomarev, Evgeny Komarov.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

The species characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.



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29.01.2013 13:00, Peter Khramov

Boris, thank you, corrected.

29.01.2013 12:35, Boris Lariushin

Broken link in the text to the Sphinx Pinastri, says page not found. Probably it is necessary here http://lepidoptera.ru/taxonomy/2856?

05.04.2011 1:30, Igor Sakhno

More privet, euonymus, and in captivity More willow.

05.06.2009 8:54,

Forage plants
Lilac, Ash, meadowsweet, Kalina, Spirea. (N.N.Plavilschikov)

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