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Lymantria dispar (Linnaeus, 1758)

Самец  (Lymantria dispar)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Noctuoidea family Erebidae subfamily Lymantriinae tribe Lymantriini genus Lymantria → species Lymantria dispar

Species name(s)

Lymantria dispar (Linnaeus, 1758) = Phalaena dispar Linnaeus, 1758 = Lymantria dispar asiatica Wnukowsky, 1926 = Lymantria dispar albescens Matsumura, 1927 = Lymantria dispar praeterea Kardakoff, 1928 = Lymantria dispar andalusiaca Reinig, 1938 = Lymantria dispar mediterranea Goldschmidt, 1940 = Lymantria dispar bocharae Goldschmidt, 1940 = Lymantria dispar chosenensis Goldschmidt, 1940 = Lymantria dispar koreibia Bryk, 1948 = Lymantria dispar kolthoffi Bryk, 1948 = Liparis japonica. [9, 10]

Gypsy Moth.



This species marks on the maps: 7.

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic, Nearctic.

Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #6. Evropeisky Severo-Vostochny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #19. Sredneobsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky; #25. Tuvinsky; #26. Predbaikalsky; #27. Pribaikalsky; #28. Zabaikalsky; #36. Sredne-Amursky; #37. Nizhne-Amursky; #38. Sakhalin; #39. Yuzhno-Kurilsky; #40. Primorsky.

Forewing length

25—32 mm.


40—90 mm.

Primary colors

Brown/Gray/Black, White.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage


Самец и самка  (Lymantria dispar)

Detailed information with references

Taxonomy, synonyms and combinations

  • Ocneria dispar L., Portheria dispar (L) http://www.agroatlas.ru/ru/content/pests/Ocneria_dispar/ [PC238].


  • Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Denmark, Greece, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Crete, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, the Soviet Union - the European part of Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1].
  • Andorra, Austria, Baleares, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland) Corsica, Crete, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, the Netherlands,Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey (European part), Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia . [10].
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, Gorno-Altaisk, the European North-East, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, Transbaikalia, Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Krasnoyarsk, Nizhne Amur, Lower Volga, Prealtay,Of Baikal, Pribaikalskiy, Primorye, Sakhalin, Amur Medium, Medium-Volzhsky, Mid-Ural, Sredneobskaya, Tuva, South West Siberian Yuzhno-Kuril, South Ural. [3].
  • Habitat: South, Central Europe, Central Sweden, Southern Finland, European part of Russia. [5].

Imago Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • The length of the forewings of males - 2.5 cm, females - 3.2 cm. The color of the wings of males - brown and dark brown, with a black line gear and a whitish border. The color of the wings of females - creamy white. Drawing on the wings can vary greatly. [5].
  • Wingspan: 40-90 mm. [PC93].

General info about Imago

  • Gypsy moth inhabits deciduous-mixed forest, which may cause considerable damage in the event of mass reproduction. [5].

Imago lifespan

  • Imago Lymantria dispar active from July to August. [5].

Larva food plants / other food objects

  • Various deciduous trees. [5].

Larva lifespan

  • Caterpillars live from May to July. [5].

Overwintering stage

  • Egg [61].

Subspecies of Lymantria dispar


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Yuri Semejkin, Oleg Seliverstov.

Text data: Peter Khramov, Vasiliy Feoktistov, Yuri Semejkin.

The species characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Vasiliy Feoktistov.



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09.11.2015 23:52, Irina Nikulina

You need to add the Amur subspecies Lymantria dispar praeterea Kardakoff, 1928

10.07.2015 6:23, Vasiliy Feoktistov Corrected data.

Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Ova.

10.07.2015 6:19, Vasiliy Feoktistov Corrected data.

Wingspan: No formalized data → 40—90 mm.

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