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Pheosia tremula (Clerck, 1759)

Имаго  (Pheosia tremula)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Noctuoidea family Notodontidae subfamily Notodontinae tribe Notodontini genus Pheosia → species Pheosia tremula

Species name(s)

Pheosia tremula (Clerck, 1759) = Phalaena dictaea Linnaeus, 1767 = Bombyx dictaea. [9, 10]

Swallow Prominent.



This species marks on the maps: 5.

Zoogeographical regions


Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #2. Kolsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #6. Evropeisky Severo-Vostochny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #19. Sredneobsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky; #27. Pribaikalsky.

Forewing length

25—30 mm.


50—60 mm.

Primary colors

Brown/Gray/Black, White.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Самец  (Pheosia tremula)

Detailed information with references


  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Denmark, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, the Soviet Union - the European part of Turkey - European part of Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1].
  • Albania, Andorra, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Denmark (mainland), Ireland, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg , Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland,Portugal (mainland), Russia, Romania, Northern Ireland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey (European part), Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10].
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, Gorno-Altaisk, the European North-East, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central, Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Kola, Krasnoyarsk, Prealtay, Pribaikalskiy, Mid-Volzhsky , Average Urals, Sredneobskaya,South West Siberian, South Ural. [3].
  • Habitat types - the whole of Europe to the Arctic Circle in the north. In the Alps - at altitudes up to 1,600 meters. [5].

Imago Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing - from 2.5 to 3 cm. Differences from related species are relatively large in size and cloves from the scales on the back edge of the front wing. FromPheosia gnomaPh. tremula characterized by the absence of white triangular spot. Females are larger than males, and the wings of both sexes there is a "porcelain" plaque. [5].
  • Wingspan: 50-60 mm. [PC93].

General info about Imago

  • Venues: aspen Corydalis fly at night in the floodplain and mixed forests, in parks and in wet areas - where different types of growing poplars. Because of cultural plantations of poplars butterflies sometimes fall into a mass reproduction. [5].

Imago lifespan

  • From late April to mid-June and mid-July to mid-August - two generations. However, the second generation does not always happen. [5].

General info about Larva

  • Larvae yellow, green or brown pattern, but always smooth. For pupation the larvae burrow into the soft soil. [5].

Larva food plants / other food objects

  • Populus, Salix, Betula. [28].
  • Black poplar and aspen, hybrid species of poplar, willow and birch. [5].

Larva lifespan

  • The first generation of caterpillars Pheosia tremula live from September to early October, the second - from June to July. Representatives of the first and second generations may overlap in time and space. [5].

Subspecies of Pheosia tremula


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Vitaly Gumenuk, Irina Nikulina.

Text data: Peter Khramov, Vasiliy Feoktistov.

The species characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Vasiliy Feoktistov.



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23.05.2015 20:33, Vasiliy Feoktistov Corrected data.

Wingspan: No formalized data → 50—60 mm.

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