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Cyaniris semiargus (Rottemburg, 1775)

Самец  (Cyaniris semiargus)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Papilionoidea family Lycaenidae subfamily Polyommatinae tribe Polyommatini genus Cyaniris → species Cyaniris semiargus

Species name(s)

Cyaniris semiargus (Rottemburg, 1775) = Polyommatus semiargus (Rottemburg, 1775) = Papilio semiargus Rottemburg, 1775 = Papilio acis Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775 = argiolus (Fuessly, 1775) = argopoeus (Bergträsser, [1779]) = byze (Bergträsser, [1779]) = byzene (Bergträsser, [1779]) = damoetas (Bergträsser, [1779]) = cimon (Lewin, 1795) = Cyaniris argianus Dalman, 1816 = Lycaena semiargus salassorum Fruhstorfer, 1910 = Glaucolinea xingana Wang & Rehn = Papilio argiolus Esper, 1778 = Papilio argopoei Bergstrasser, 1779 = Papilio argopoeus Bergstrasser, 1779 = Cyaniris ausonidarum Verity 1919 = Papilio bizas Bergstrasser, 1779 = Papilio bize Bergstrasser, 1779 = Papilio bizene Bergstrasser, 1779 = Papilio bizenus Bergstrasser, 1779 = Cyaniris claracaerulea Verity 1943 = Papilio damoetas Bergstrasser, 1779 = Papilio frejus Prunner, 1798. [3, 9, 10, 187]

Mazarine Blue.



This species marks on the maps: 10.

Zoogeographical regions


Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #2. Kolsky; #3. Karelsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #5. Nenetsko-Novozemelsky tundrovy; #6. Evropeisky Severo-Vostochny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #15. Severo-Uralsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #18. Nizhneobsky; #19. Sredneobsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #21. Severo-Yeniseisky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky; #25. Tuvinsky; #26. Predbaikalsky; #27. Pribaikalsky; #28. Zabaikalsky; #31. Yuzhno-Yakutsky; #32. Chukotsky*; #33. Severo-Okhotomorsky*; #35. Sredne-Okhotsky; #36. Sredne-Amursky; #37. Nizhne-Amursky; #38. Sakhalin; #39. Yuzhno-Kurilsky; #40. Primorsky.

* An asterisk denotes a region for which the species is listed as an migrant or information that requires additional checking.

Forewing length

18—20 mm.

Primary colors

Blue, Brown/Gray/Black, White.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage


Самка  (Cyaniris semiargus)

Detailed information with references

Synonyms and combinations

  • Polyommatus semiargus. [3].


  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Denmark, Greece, Spain, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sicily, Slovakia, the Soviet Union - the European part of Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1].
  • Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Corsica, Latvia, Lithuania , Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Netherlands, Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands,Poland, Portugal (mainland), Russia, Romania, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey (European part), Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10].
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, Gorno-Altaisk, the European North-East, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, Transbaikalia, Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Karelia, Kola, Krasnoyarsk, the Nenets tundra-Novaya Zemlya,Nizhne-Amur, Nizhneobsky, Prealtay, of Baikal, Pribaikalskiy, Primorye, Sakhalin, the North-Yenisei North Okhotsk (?), The North-Ural, Mid-Amur, Mid-Volzhsky, Average Okhotsk, Mid-Ural, Sredneobskaya, Tuva , Chukotka (?), The South West Siberian Yuzhno-Kuril, South Ural, South Yakutia. [3].
  • Bean copper-butterfly found almost all over Europe, could climb to a height of 2500 m. [5].

Imago Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing - in the area of ​​2 cm. The male is dark blue with a black border. Female easier - monochrome brown color. The underside is brown equally in both sexes. [5].

General info about Imago

  • Prefers mixed grass meadows, forest edges and clearings. [5].

Imago lifespan

  • It may give one or two generations from June to August. [5].

Larva food plants / other food objects

  • Vicia, Trifolium, Anthyllis, Melilotus. [28].
  • The larva will live on the ulcer, as well as red clover and other legumes. [5].

Larva lifespan

  • Caterpillars are found from August to July, hibernates. [5].

Overwintering stage

  • Caterpillar. [5].

Subspecies of Cyaniris semiargus


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Andrei Komrakov, Andrey Sazykin.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

The species characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.



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30.01.2014 22:04, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Larva.

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