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Parnassius phoebus (Fabricius, 1793)

Имаго  Parnassius phoebus


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Papilionoidea family Papilionidae subfamily Parnassiinae tribe Parnassiini genus Parnassius → species Parnassius phoebus

Species name(s)

Parnassius phoebus (Fabricius, 1793) = Parnassius delius = Papilio phoebus Fabricius, 1793 = Papilio delius Esper, [1803] = Parnassius phoebus (Fabricius, 1793). [9, 10, 85]

Small Apollo.



This species marks on the maps: 4.

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic, Nearctic.

Russia regions

#15. Severo-Uralsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #21. Severo-Yeniseisky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky; #26. Predbaikalsky; #27. Pribaikalsky; #30. Vostochno-Yakutsky; #31. Yuzhno-Yakutsky; #33. Severo-Okhotomorsky; #34. Kamchatsky; #35. Sredne-Okhotsky; #36. Sredne-Amursky; #38. Sakhalin; #40. Primorsky.

Primary colors

Red, Brown/Gray/Black, White.

Имаго  Parnassius phoebus

Detailed information with references

Taxonomy, synonyms and combinations

  • Parnassius delius. [85].


  • Austria, Germany, Italy, the Soviet Union - the European part of, Switzerland. [1].
  • Austria, Germany, Italy (mainland), Russia ?, France (mainland), Switzerland. [10].
  • Regions of Russia: Eastern Yakutia, Gorno-Altai, Kamchatka, Krasnoyarsk, of Baikal, Pribaikalskiy, Primorye, Sakhalin, the North-Yenisei, North Okhotsk Sea, the North-Ural, Mid-Amur, Average Okhotsk, Mid-Ural, South Yakutia . [3].

Larva food plants / other food objects

  • Saxifraga, Saxifraga aizioides, S. calycina, S. nivalis, Sempervivum montanum, S. tectorum, Sedum, S. album, S. debile, S. lanceolatum, S. obtusatum, S. stenopetalum, S. wrightii, Rhodiola rosea. [28].

Subspecies of Parnassius phoebus


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Svyatoslav Knyazev, Mario Maier.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

The species characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.



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10.12.2023 9:04, Evgeny Komarov Corrected data.

Parnassius phoebus (Fabricius, 1793) → Parnassius phoebus (Fabricius, 1793).

12.11.2023 18:57, Evgeny Komarov

Here is where all the nomenclature problems with the Asian phoebe populations are sorted out:
Nachr. entomol. Ver. Apollo, N. F. 31 (1/2): 71–84 (2010)
Jean Hanus and MarieLuce Theye
Parnassius phoebus (Fabricius, 1793), a misidentified species (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae).

12.11.2023 17:17, Evgeny Komarov

Parnassius phoebus (Fabricius, 1793) is now called Parnassius corybas Fischer De Waldheim, 1823

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