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Cydia pomonella (Linnaeus, 1758)

Имаго  (Cydia pomonella)

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Tortricoidea family Tortricidae subfamily Olethreutinae tribe Grapholitini genus Cydia → species Cydia pomonella

Species name(s)

Cydia pomonella (Linnaeus, 1758) = Phalaena pomonella Linnaeus, 1758 = pomonana (Treitschke, 1830) = Laspeyresia pomonella = Phalaena aeneana Villers, 1789 = Pyralis pomana Fabricius, 1775 = Carpocapsa putaminana Staudinger, 1859 = Carpocapsa simpsoni Busck, 1903.

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:10841

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic, Nearctic, Neotropic, Ethiopic, Indo-Malayan, Australian.

Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #3. Karelsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky; #26. Predbaikalsky; #28. Zabaikalsky; #36. Sredne-Amursky; #37. Nizhne-Amursky; #40. Primorsky.

Forewing length

7—8 mm.

Wingspan

14—22 mm.

Primary colors

Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Имаго  (Cydia pomonella)

Detailed information with references

Synonyms and combinations

  • Laspeyresia pomonella [11]. Peter Khramov.

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing just 0.8 cm. The base brownish, closer to the top and the middle spotted numerous thin gray lines cross. Hind wings just dark. [5]. Peter Khramov.
  • The wingspan of 14 to 21 mm. The front wings are dark gray or dark brown, with a purplish tinge and a lot of blackish and whitish bars and stripes. At the rear of the outer wing mottled spot, bordered with golden stripes. Hind wings brownish-gray. [11]. Peter Khramov.

Distribution

  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Crete, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, Gorno-Altaisk, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, Transbaikalia, Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Karelia, Krasnoyarsk, Nizhny-Amur, Nizhnevolzhsky , Prealtay, of Baikal, Seaside,Mid-Amur, Mid-Volzhsky, South West Siberian, South Ural. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Austria, Azores, Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Dodecanese Islands, Ireland, Iceland, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), the Canary Islands, Cyprus, Corsica, Crete, Latvia, Lithuania,Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Madeira, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Northern Ireland, Northern Aegean Islands, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey (European part), Finland, France (mainland)Croatia, Cycladic, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Svalbard and Jan Mayen, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • The area - Europe, from which spread throughout the world - would be apple. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Lifespan

  • One or two generations from May to August. [5]. Peter Khramov.
  • In the southern part of the area two generations in Central Asia is three. [11]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Imago fly only at night. [11]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • Caterpillars live when ripe apples. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • The larvae eat the apples, for which they have nicknamed apple chervemi. [5]. Peter Khramov.
  • Apple (Malus), pear (Pyrus), Walnut (Corylus), Chestnut (Castanea), Rowan (Sorbus), Quince (Cydonia). Personal communication. Vasiliy Feoktistov.
  • Apple tree. The very wormy apples - her work. [11]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Larva

  • Young animals caterpillar vgryzvayutsya in apples reach the seeds and gnaw them. Damaged apple falls from the tree, a caterpillar comes out of it and crawls back to the tree in search of a new fruit. Caterpillar is actively lived about a month, and during that time it has time to spoil some apples.Before pupation the caterpillar comes out of the apple, climb on a tree trunk where looking for a place to pupate in which she weave a small cocoon in which perezimuet and then pupate. [11]. Peter Khramov.

Egg

  • Before hundreds of eggs are laid in the formed fruits, ovary, at least on the leaves of host plants. [11]. Peter Khramov.

Overwintering stage

  • Caterpillar. [11]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Cydia pomonella

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Vitaly Gumenuk.

Text data: Peter Khramov, Vasiliy Feoktistov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Vasiliy Feoktistov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

References

Comments

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02.06.2014 5:43, Vasiliy Feoktistov Corrected data.

Wingspan: No formalized data → 14—22 mm.

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