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Daphnis nerii (Linnaeus, 1758)

Самец  (Daphnis nerii)

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Bombycoidea family Sphingidae subfamily Macroglossinae tribe Macroglossini subtribe Macroglossina genus Daphnis → species Daphnis nerii

Species name(s)

Daphnis nerii (Linnaeus, 1758) = Sphinx nerii Linnaeus, 1758 = infernelutea Saalmüller, 1884 = confluens (Closs, 1912) = nigra Schmidt, 1914 = Deilephila nerii bipartita Gehlen, 1934.

Oleander Hawk-moth

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:2838

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic, Ethiopic, Indo-Malayan.

Russia regions

#13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky.

Forewing length

45—65 mm.

Primary colors

Red, Green, Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Самец  (Daphnis nerii)

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing - 4.5, and even 6.5 cm, the wings themselves are narrow, with a wavy bottom edge. Strongly wavy. All wings of marsh-green, with lighter fields and pinkish spots, which is a butterfly is sitting on an oleander bush. The body of the butterfly stocky, head and back of green, and the rear wings much smaller, when compared with the front. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Distribution

  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Crete, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Western Caucasus. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Austria, Azores?Albania, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Ireland, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Cyprus, Corsica, Crete, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Netherlands, Norway (mainland)Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Northern Ireland, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey (European part), Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • Areal - Southern Europe. Africa, the Middle East to India. Occasionally - Central Europe. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Lifespan

  • The first butterflies appear north of the Alps in June, and their descendants continue to fly until September. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • In the Mediterranean - the valley of the rivers and streams dried up riverbed (there is usually grow oleander bushes). In Central Europe, where the flies though - if only to find that oleander. Imago oleander hawk moths are active at night. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • Daphnis nerii larvae live from July to September. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Oleander (Nerium oleander), sometimes periwinkle. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Larva

  • Caterpillar large, colorful, green and pink, with a white line on the sides and a horn at the end of the abdomen, so even with the raised spots. Pupation occurs in loose soil. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Igor Sakhno.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

References

Comments

Note: you should have a Insecta.pro account to upload new topics and comments. Please, create an account or log in to add comments

27.04.2013 14:31, Igor Sakhno

By the way, in 2010 the last instar larvae collected in the Southern Crimea, in early June.

01.01.2012 8:34, Olga Averyanova

Detected in Cambodia, Sihanoukville, December 2011

21.03.2011 22:15, Igor Sakhno

In sufficient quantities it flies to Europe from Africa. Ff. prefer to lay eggs on the oleander bushes along the coast (at the time, the other migratory species, such as, A.atropos, prefer to fly inland). Diapause pupae do not tolerate, and even more so even a small short-term frost kills them.Therefore, every spring we come to the new individuals to the very cold weather and produce offspring. According to the observations A.Zagorinskogo D.nerii caterpillars in captivity can be kept in the privet.

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