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Mimas tiliae (Linnaeus, 1758)

Имаго  (Mimas tiliae)

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Bombycoidea family Sphingidae subfamily Smerinthinae tribe Smerinthini genus Mimas → species Mimas tiliae

Species name(s)

Mimas tiliae (Linnaeus, 1758) = Sphinx tiliae Linnaeus, 1758 = ulmi (Heydenreich, 1851) = maculata (Wallengren, 1863) = tilioides (Holle, 1865) = pechmanni (Hartmann, 1879) = bipunctata (Clark, 1891) = contripuncta (Clark, 1891) = costipuncta (Clark, 1891) = obsoleta (Clark, 1891) = suffusa (Clark, 1891) = brunnea (Caradja, 1893) = immaculata (Bartel, 1900) = brunnescens (Staudinger, 1901) = exstincta (Staudinger, 1901) = brunnea-centrpuncta Tutt, 1902 = brunnea-costipuncta Tutt, 1902 = brunnea-marginepuncta Tutt, 1902 = brunnea-obsoleta Tutt, 1902 = brunnea-transversa Tutt, 1902 = lutescens Tutt, 1902 = margine-puncta Tutt, 1902 = pallida-centripuncta Tutt, 1902 = pallida-costipuncta Tutt, 1902 = pallida-marginepuncta Tutt, 1902 = pallida-obsoleta Tutt, 1902 = pallida-transversa Tutt, 1902 = semiobsoleta Tutt, 1902 = virescens-centripuncta Tutt, 1902 = virescens-maculata Tutt, 1902 = virescens-marginepuncta Tutt, 1902 = virescens-obsoleta Tutt, 1902 = virescens-transversa Tutt, 1902 = atroviridis Closs, 1911 = trimaculata (Brombacher, 1915) = bimaculata Gillmer, 1916 = bimarginalis Gillmer, 1916 = colon Gillmer, 1916 = constricta Gillmer, 1916 = excessiva Gillmer, 1916 = fasciata Gillmer, 1916 = inversa Gillmer, 1916 = pseudo-trimaculata Gillmer, 1916 = semicentripuncta Gillmer, 1916 = clara Closs, 1917 = discifera Closs, 1917 = roseotincta (Schawerda, 1922) = rufobrunnea Lenz, 1925 = griseothoracea Cabeau, 1931 = vitrina Gehlen, 1931 = virescens-bipuncta Lempke, 1937 = diluta Cockayne, 1953 = rubra Cockayne, 1953 = Mimas tiliae montana Daniel & Wolfsberger, 1955 = pallida-maculata Lempke, 1959 = postobscura Lempke, 1959 = pseudobipunctata Lempke, 1959 = typica-puncta Lempke, 1959 = angustefasciata Vilarrubia, 1973 = bicolor Vilarrubia, 1973 = latefasciata Vilarrubia, 1973 = reducta Vilarrubia, 1973 = rufescens Vilarrubia, 1973.

Lime Hawk-moth

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:2846

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic.

Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #19. Sredneobsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky.

Forewing length

36—40 mm.

Wingspan

64—74 mm.

Primary colors

Red, Green, Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage

Pupa.

Имаго  (Mimas tiliae)

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing - up to 4 cm. The butterfly is very recognizable - heavily carved shape of wings, pinkish or greenish wings and a characteristic wide stripe on the front wings. There are many varieties. For example, it is known f. brunnea without green wings so that the butterfly generally appears brown. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Distribution

  • Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia and the Soviet Union - the European part of Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, the Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Krasnoyarsk, Lower Volga, Prealtay, Mid-Volzhsky, Mid-Ural, Sredneobskaya , South-West-Siberian, South Ural. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Ireland?, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Russia, Romania, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey (European part), Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland)Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • Habitat types - the whole of Europe to North and South Scandinavia in the north of Finland. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Lifespan

  • Flight from May to July. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • It flies in mixed forests, where there is a linden tree, in addition, found in gardens and alleys with the same trees. Left out of the butterfly pupae can hide in case of bad weather with a view to wait for a more suitable conditions for the activity. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • The larvae live from June to August. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Tilia, Prunus, Betula, Alnus glutinosa, Alnus incana, Ulmus glabra. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Feed lime is lime hawk. Occasionally caterpillar can feed on birch, alder or oak. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Larva

  • The caterpillar Mimas tiliae bright green, with diagonal lines and bright red rim around the spiracles. At the end of the body - a remarkable colorful horn ... In order to successfully pupation the caterpillar drips into the groove in the soil, which is cozy entangle saliva and cobwebs. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Egg

  • Eggs are laid one by one or two on the underside of the leaf linden. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Overwintering stage

  • Pupa. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Vitaly Gumenuk, Igor Sakhno.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov, Vasiliy Feoktistov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

References

Comments

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30.05.2014 20:45, Vasiliy Feoktistov Corrected data.

Wingspan: No formalized data → 64—74 mm.

30.01.2014 20:45, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Pupa.

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