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Smerinthus ocellata (Linnaeus, 1758)

Имаго  (Smerinthus ocellata)

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Bombycoidea family Sphingidae subfamily Smerinthinae tribe Smerinthini genus Smerinthus → species Smerinthus ocellata

Species name(s)

Smerinthus ocellata (Linnaeus, 1758) = Smerinthus ocellatus (Linnaeus, 1758) = Sphinx ocellata Linnaeus, 1758 = Sphinx semipavo Retzius, 1783 = Sphinx salicis Hübner, 1796 = Smerinthus ocellata cinerascens Staudinger, 1879.

Eyed Hawk-moth

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:2850

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic.

Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #3. Karelsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #6. Evropeisky Severo-Vostochny*; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #15. Severo-Uralsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky.

* An asterisk denotes a region for which the species is listed as an migrant or information that requires additional checking.

Forewing length

40—45 mm.

Primary colors

Red, Blue, Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage

Pupa.

Самец и самка  (Smerinthus ocellata)

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing - up to 4-4.5 cm. In front wings alone fully protective coloration zarkyvayut bright red hind wings with blue eyes. This butterfly is not poisonous, so if it fails to scare birds suddenly appearing eyes, the sad fate it can not be avoided. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Distribution

  • Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, the Soviet Union - the European part Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, Gorno-Altaisk, the European Northeast (?), The European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, Central European, European southern taiga, the Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Karelia, Lower Volga, Prealtay, North Urals, the Volga-Average, Average Urals, South West Siberian, South Urals. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Albania, Andorra, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Ireland, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Corsica Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, the Netherlands,Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Northern Ireland, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey (European part), Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • All of Europe - up to 62 ° in the north to the south of the Balkans. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Lifespan

  • From May to July. In the good years - the second generation in August, September, and even October. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Meadows and orchards, parks and zakustarennye habitat. It flies at night. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • The larvae develop from July to September. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Salix, S. fragilis, S. alba, S. viminalis, S. caprea, S. aurita, S. cinerea, S. myrsinifolia, S. phylicifolia, Betula, Populus tremula, Malus domestica, Prunus padus, Pyrus communis, Viburnum opulus , Alnus glutinosa, A. incana. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Pear and plum, apple, poplar and willow with cherry. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Larva

  • Caterpillar bright green, with a "face" and "tail". The body - oblique whitish lines and small white flecks. For pupation a caterpillar crawling into the groove in the soil or in a crack in the trunk, and then rebuilding it cocoon. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Overwintering stage

  • Winters doll. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Smerinthus ocellata

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Sergey Talanov, Vitaly Gumenuk.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

References

Comments

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30.01.2014 20:48, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Pupa.

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