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Agrius convolvuli (Linnaeus, 1758)

Имаго  (Agrius convolvuli)

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Bombycoidea family Sphingidae subfamily Sphinginae tribe Acherontiini genus Agrius → species Agrius convolvuli

Species name(s)

Agrius convolvuli (Linnaeus, 1758) = Sphinx convolvuli Linnaeus, 1758 = abadonna (Fabricius, 1798) = Sphinx patatas Ménétriés, 1857 = Sphinx roseafasciata Koch, 1865 = Sphinx pseudoconvolvuli Schaufuss, 1870 = Protoparce distans Butler, 1876 = Protoparce orientalis Butler, 1876 = batatae (Christ, 1882) = alicea (Neuberger, 1899) = nigricans (Cannaviello, 1900) = fuscosignata Tutt, 1904 = grisea Tutt, 1904 = ichangensis Tutt, 1904 = intermedia Tutt, 1904 = javanensis Tutt, 1904 = major Tutt, 1904 = minor Tutt, 1904 = obscura Tutt, 1904 = suffusa Tutt, 1904 = tahitiensis Tutt, 1904 = unicolor Tutt, 1904 = variegata Tutt, 1904 = virgata Tutt, 1904 = indica (Skel, 1913) = marshallensis (Clark, 1922) = peitaihoensis (Clark, 1922) = aksuensis (O. Bang-Haas, 1927) = extincta (Gehlen, 1928) = posticoconflua (Bryk, 1946) = Herse convolvuli.

Convolvulus Hawk-moth

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:2853

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic.

Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #6. Evropeisky Severo-Vostochny*; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #15. Severo-Uralsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #37. Nizhne-Amursky; #38. Sakhalin; #39. Yuzhno-Kurilsky; #40. Primorsky.

* An asterisk denotes a region for which the species is listed as an migrant or information that requires additional checking.

Forewing length

45—50 mm.

Primary colors

Red, Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Имаго  (Agrius convolvuli)

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing - from 4.5 to 5 cm. Some like aSphinx ligustri: the top of the front wings, too, gray-brown, with a wavy pattern, abdomen striped, red and black. To distinguish these butterflies is easy on the rear wings: they have convolvulaceae hawk pale blue-gray, four-lane, while the purple hawk red hind wings.In addition, this species is very long proboscis - up to 10 cm, which allows the butterflies to feed on flowers with deep cups (eg, scented tobacco). [5]. Peter Khramov.

Distribution

  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Iceland, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Crete, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, the European Northeast (?), The European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, Central European, European southern taiga, the Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Nizhne-Amur, Lower Volga, Primorye, Sakhalin, the North Urals, the Volga-Average, Average Urals, South West Siberian Yuzhno-Kuril, South Ural. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Austria, Azores, Albania, Andorra, Balearic Islands, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Ireland, Iceland, Spain (mainland part), Italy (mainland), the Canary Islands, Cyprus, Corsica, Crete,Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madeira, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Northern Ireland, Northern Aegean Islands, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey (European part), Ukraine, Faroe Islands,Finland, France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • Homeland species - the tropics, but the butterfly flies to Europe each year, and sometimes even drifted north to Ireland. [5]. Peter Khramov.
  • Kazakhstan Personal communication. Alexander Belousov.

Lifespan

  • Arrivals butterflies begins in May and can last all summer, with the immigrants mixed with spring hatched butterflies. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Warm slopes, potato fields, wherever bindweed flowers and flying convolvulaceae Hyles. In the evening and at night. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • The larvae are found from July through September. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Convolvulus, Rumex, Ipomoea. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Bindweed. Only bindweed. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Larva

  • Caterpillars green with yellow oblique strokes. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Agrius convolvuli

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Maxim Schwarz.

Text data: Peter Khramov, Alexander Belousov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

References

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