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Cossus cossus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Имаго  (Cossus cossus)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Cossoidea family Cossidae subfamily Cossinae genus Cossus → species Cossus cossus

Species name(s)

Cossus cossus (Linnaeus, 1758).

Goat Moth


Zoogeographical regions


Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #2. Kolsky; #3. Karelsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #6. Evropeisky Severo-Vostochny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #15. Severo-Uralsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #19. Sredneobsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky; #25. Tuvinsky; #26. Predbaikalsky; #27. Pribaikalsky; #28. Zabaikalsky; #31. Yuzhno-Yakutsky; #32. Chukotsky; #36. Sredne-Amursky; #37. Nizhne-Amursky; #38. Sakhalin; #39. Yuzhno-Kurilsky*; #40. Primorsky.

* An asterisk denotes a region for which the species is listed as an migrant or information that requires additional checking.

Forewing length

32—44 mm.

Primary colors


Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Имаго  (Cossus cossus)

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Wingspan 80-85 mm, wings rigid, gray in thick black lines cross. [11]. Peter Khramov.


  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, the Soviet Union - the European part Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, Gorno-Altaisk, the European North-East, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, Transbaikalia, Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Karelia, Kola, Krasnoyarsk, Nizhne-Amur, Lower Volga,Prealtay, of Baikal, Pribaikalskiy, Primorye, Sakhalin, the North Urals, Mid-Amur, Mid-Volzhsky, Mid-Ural, Sredneobskaya, Tuva, Chukotka, South West Siberian, South Kuril (?), South Ural, South Yakutia . [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Albania, Andorra, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Dodecanese Islands, Ireland, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland ), Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Netherlands, Norway (mainland)Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey (European part), Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia . [10]. Peter Khramov.


  • Butterflies appear in nature since the end of June, mostly in July, and depending on the geographical location, sometimes until mid-August. [61]. Vasiliy Feoktistov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Imago comes from a strong unpleasant smell. [11]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Betula, Salix, Populus, Ulmus, Tilia, Quercus, Alnus, Malus, Sorbus, Fraxinus, Prunus. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Willow, poplar, alder, elm, birch, oak. [11]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Larva

  • Larvae up to 80 mm in length and more. She body-reddish-yellow, red meat on top. It can chew the box if you do it there on time, place.
    Young larvae gnaw at the bark, and then go into hibernation hardwood where gnaw wide, longitudinal (usually) moves.Wintered for the second time, the caterpillar "okuklyaetsya" (now customary to say "pupate"), near the exit to the outside or even near a tree.
    Defeats carpenter tree produces quite a strong smell of wood vinegar, and "out of the holes in his bowel movements crust stick caterpillars: ejection of the caterpillar gnaws through special holes."Most carpenter inhabits old and diseased trees, but not always. Caterpillar itself strong and unpleasant smell.
    And the tracks are sometimes called sepulchral worms. Although graves (underground) and they do not occur. [11]. Peter Khramov.


  • Eggs are laid in June and July, a deep crack in the crust, with the help of the ovipositor. [11]. Peter Khramov.

Overwintering stage

  • Caterpillar twice. [11]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Cossus cossus


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Natalia Demchenko.

Text data: Peter Khramov, Vasiliy Feoktistov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Vasiliy Feoktistov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.



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14.04.2015 0:22, Vasiliy Feoktistov Corrected data.

Flight time: May, June, July, August → June, July, August.

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Project editor in chief and administrator: Peter Khramov.

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