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Lithosia quadra (Linnaeus, 1758)

Самец  (Lithosia quadra)

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Noctuoidea family Erebidae subfamily Arctiinae tribe Lithosiini subtribe Lithosiina genus Lithosia → species Lithosia quadra

Species name(s)

Lithosia quadra (Linnaeus, 1758) = Phalaena quadra Linnaeus, 1758 = Phalaena flava Müller, 1764 = Phalaena deplana Linnaeus, 1771 = quadrata Walckenaer, 1802 = Oeonistis dives Butler, 1877 = fasciata Spuler, 1910 = insolata Dannehl, 1929 = pallida van Wisselingh, 1961 = triangularis Lempke, 1961 = Lithosia qadra.

Four-spotted Footman

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:6716

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic.

Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #19. Sredneobsky; #28. Zabaikalsky; #34. Kamchatsky; #36. Sredne-Amursky; #38. Sakhalin; #39. Yuzhno-Kurilsky; #40. Primorsky.

Forewing length

19—23 mm.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage

Larva.

Самка  (Lithosia quadra)

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing male - 1.9 cm, color - gray, with a black spot at the base; rear wings yellow males. Length of front wing females - 2.3 cm, color - yellow, two blue spots. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Distribution

  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardinia, Slovakia, the Soviet Union - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, the European Central Black Earth, the European Southern Taiga, Transbaikalia, Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Kamchatka, Primorye, Sakhalin, Amur Medium, Medium-Volzhsky, Sredneobskaya, South Kuril. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Albania, Andorra, the Balearic Islands, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Ireland, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland ), Corsica, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, the Netherlands,Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Northern Ireland, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • Lithosia quadra spread almost throughout Europe. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Lifespan

  • From July to August. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • It flies in the floodplain forests, spruce and mixed forests, and at times and in parks and gardens. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • Caterpillars live from September to June. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Lichens. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Lichens. In the season of mass breeding of butterfliesLymantria monachalarvae Lithosia quadra can be used in food nuns caterpillars (L. monacha). [5]. Peter Khramov.

Overwintering stage

  • Caterpillars overwinter under lichens. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Lithosia quadra

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Vitaly Gumenuk, Boris Loboda.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.

References

Comments

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30.01.2014 22:12, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Larva.

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