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Apamea crenata (Hufnagel, 1766)

Имаго  Apamea crenata

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Noctuoidea family Noctuidae subfamily Noctuinae tribe Apameini subtribe Apameina genus Apamea → species Apamea crenata

Species name(s)

Apamea crenata (Hufnagel, 1766) = Phalaena crenata Hufnagel, 1766 = Noctua rurea Fabricius, 1775 = Phalaena (Noctua) luculenta Esper, 1788 = Phalaena (Noctua) alopecurus Esper, 1790 = Noctua combusta Hübner, [1808] = Noctua hirticornis Haworth, 1812 = Xylina borealis Curtins, 1829.

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:7236

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic.

Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #2. Kolsky; #3. Karelsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #6. Evropeisky Severo-Vostochny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #19. Sredneobsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky; #25. Tuvinsky; #26. Predbaikalsky; #27. Pribaikalsky; #28. Zabaikalsky; #31. Yuzhno-Yakutsky; #34. Kamchatsky; #36. Sredne-Amursky; #37. Nizhne-Amursky; #38. Sakhalin; #39. Yuzhno-Kurilsky; #40. Primorsky.

Forewing length

16—18 mm.

Wingspan

35—43 mm.

Primary colors

Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Имаго  Apamea crenata

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Front wing up to 1.8 cm. This species is very variable: there are white, purple, gray, brown, grayish-black and red-brown birds. Example - f. alopecurus. [5]. Peter Khramov.
  • Wingspan: 35-43 mm. Personal communication. Vasiliy Feoktistov.

Distribution

  • Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, the Soviet Union - the European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: East Caucasian, Gorno-Altaisk, the European North-East, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, Transbaikalia, Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Kamchatka, Karelia, Kola, Krasnoyarsk, Nizhne-Amur, Prealtay,Of Baikal, Pribaikalskiy, Primorye, Sakhalin, Amur Medium, Medium-Volzhsky, Mid-Ural, Sredneobskaya, Tuva, South West Siberian Yuzhno-Kuril, South Ural, South Yakutia. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Ireland, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Corsica, Latvia , Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (mainland)Channel Islands, Poland, Russia, Romania, Northern Ireland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Faroe Islands, Finland, France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • The area - all over Europe, up to 2000 m. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Lifespan

  • From mid-May to August. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Butterfly flies through dry places - edges and clearings in the woods, meadows and sunny slopes. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • Caterpillar can meet from August to May. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Phalaris, Deschampsia, Festuca. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Cereals. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Overwintering stage

  • Caterpillar. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Apamea crenata

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Nikolai Vladimirov, Vladimir Bobow.

Text data: Peter Khramov, Vasiliy Feoktistov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Vasiliy Feoktistov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

References

Comments

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10.06.2015 23:56, Vasiliy Feoktistov Corrected data.

Wingspan: No formalized data → 35—43 mm.

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