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Carterocephalus palaemon (Pallas, 1771)

Имаго  (Carterocephalus palaemon)

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Papilionoidea family Hesperiidae subfamily Heteropterinae genus Carterocephalus → species Carterocephalus palaemon

Species name(s)

Carterocephalus palaemon (Pallas, 1771) = Papilio palaemon Pallas, 1771 = Papilio paniscus Fabricius, 1775 = brontes (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) = Pamphila palaemon = Papilio brontes Schiffermüller], 1775 = Papilio paniscus Fabricius, 1775.

Chequered Skipper

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:8377

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic, Nearctic.

Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #3. Karelsky*; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #6. Evropeisky Severo-Vostochny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #15. Severo-Uralsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #19. Sredneobsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky; #25. Tuvinsky; #26. Predbaikalsky; #27. Pribaikalsky; #28. Zabaikalsky; #30. Vostochno-Yakutsky; #31. Yuzhno-Yakutsky; #32. Chukotsky; #33. Severo-Okhotomorsky; #34. Kamchatsky; #35. Sredne-Okhotsky; #36. Sredne-Amursky; #37. Nizhne-Amursky; #38. Sakhalin; #39. Yuzhno-Kurilsky; #40. Primorsky.

* An asterisk denotes a region for which the species is listed as an migrant or information that requires additional checking.

Forewing length

14—15 mm.

Primary colors

Orange, Brown/Gray/Black, White.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Самец и самка  (Carterocephalus palaemon)

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Длина передних крыльев крепкоголовки — 1,5 см. По темно-коричневому фону разбросаны многочисленные рыжие пятна. Самцы серее самок. Бабочки, летающие в высокогорье, как правило, меньше по размеру и темнее окрашены, чем равнинные экземпляры. Такая форма носит название Carterocephalus palaemon f. freyi Hellw. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Distribution

  • Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Spain, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, the Soviet Union - the European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia , Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, Eastern Yakutia, Gorno-Altaisk, the European North-East, North-Western European, Central European, European southern taiga, Transbaikalia, Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Kamchatka, Karelian (?), Krasnoyarsk, Nizhny-Amur, Prealtay, of Baikal, Pribaikalskiy, Primorye, Sakhalin, the North Okhotsk, North Urals, Mid-Amur, the Volga-Average, Average Okhotsk, Mid-Ural, Sredneobskaya, Tuva, Chukotka, South West Siberian Yuzhno-Kuril, South Ural, South Yakutia. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Greece (mainland), Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway (mainland part), Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Finland,France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • Крепкоголовок палемонов можно встретить во Франции, Центральной, Восточной и Юго-Восточной Европе, но их нет в Южной Европе, на большей части Англии и Ирландии, а также в Скандинавии. Бабочка распространена не только в Европе, ее ареал доходит и до Японии, и до Северной Америки.В горах — на высоте до 1500 м. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Lifespan

  • Carterocephalus palaemon встречается с середины мая по июнь, в горах — до июля. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Местообитания: разнотравные и заболоченные луга, опушки лесов. Летает быстро, низко над землей. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • С июля по май. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Molinia, Calamagrostis, Brachypodium, Bromus ramosus, Dactylis, Alopecurus, Phleum. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Гусеницы крепкоголовк питаются на злаковых растениях, например, на костре или коротконожнике. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Overwintering stage

  • Гусеница. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Carterocephalus palaemon

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Svyatoslav Knyazev, Alexsandr Martukov.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

References

Comments

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