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Araschnia levana (Linnaeus, 1758)

Имаго  (Araschnia levana)

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Papilionoidea family Nymphalidae subfamily Nymphalinae tribe Nymphalini genus Araschnia → species Araschnia levana

Species name(s)

Araschnia levana (Linnaeus, 1758) = Papilio levana Linnaeus, 1758 = Araschina levana = Araschnia caerulocellata Lempke 1956 = Araschnia clossi Krombach 1916 = Araschnia dammeri Fischer 1932 = Araschnia gerardini Oberthür 1925 = Araschnia intermedia Stichel 1908 = Araschnia kudlai Adámek 1942 = Araschnia lactofasciata Lempke 1956 = Araschnia marginelineata Horch 1932 = Araschnia porima Ochsenheimer 1807 = Araschnia prorsa Linnaeus 1767 = Araschnia postcontinua Lempke 1956 = Araschnia pseudorientalis Reuss 1939 = Araschnia postocellata Lempke 1956 = Araschnia schultzi Pfitzner 1906 = Araschnia rufescens Lempke 1956 = Araschnia ypsilon Krombach 1916 = Araschnia zavreli Rúzik 1939 = Araschnia weismanni Fischer 1902.

Map Butterfly

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:8612

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic.

Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #3. Karelsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #6. Evropeisky Severo-Vostochny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #15. Severo-Uralsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #18. Nizhneobsky; #19. Sredneobsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #21. Severo-Yeniseisky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky; #25. Tuvinsky; #26. Predbaikalsky; #27. Pribaikalsky; #28. Zabaikalsky; #31. Yuzhno-Yakutsky; #33. Severo-Okhotomorsky; #35. Sredne-Okhotsky; #36. Sredne-Amursky; #37. Nizhne-Amursky; #40. Primorsky.

Forewing length

18—20 mm.

Primary colors

Orange, Brown/Gray/Black, White.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Имаго  (Araschnia levana)

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Длина переднего крыла составляет 2 см. В зависимости от формы может иметь базовый черный либо оранжевый цвет крыльев. Весенняя форма (бабочки первого поколения — f. levana L.) имеет гораздо более светлую, желто-оранжевую окраску крыльев с черными пятнами на них, для испода крыльев характерен белый сетчатый рисунок на оранжевом фоне. Летняя форма (f. prorsa L.) разительно отличается от весенней — бабочки второго поколения не рыжие, а черные, с белыми либо желтоватыми полосками на крыльях и небольшими оранжевыми пятнами. Местами может встречаться и третье поколение пестрокрыльниц — f. porima, которая походит на весеннюю генерацию сочетанием оранжевого и черного в окраске, но отличается рисунком черных пятен на крыльях. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Distribution

  • Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Denmark, Greece, Spain, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, the Soviet Union - the European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia , Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, Gorno-Altaisk, the European North-East, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, Transbaikalia, Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Karelia, Krasnoyarsk, Nizhny-Amur, Nizhneobsky, Prealtay, of Baikal,Pribaikalskiy, Seaside, North Yenisei North Okhotsk, North Urals, Mid-Amur, the Volga-Average, Average Okhotsk, Mid-Ural, Sredneobskaya, Tuva, South West Siberian, South Ural, South Yakutia. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland)Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • Ареал — Средняя Европа и, через Центральную Азию, до Японии. Отсутствует в Англии, Ирландии, Скандинавии, Финляндии, лишь локально встречается в Дании, Испании, Португалии, Италии, Югославии и Греции. Не поднимается выше 1000 м над уровнем моря. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Lifespan

  • Дает два поколения — с конца апреля до середины июня и с середины июля до августа, местами до сентября. Изредка дает неполное 3-е поколение. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Изменчивая пестрокрыльница летает по лесным дорогам, на лугах и влажных лесах, предпочитая более влажные и тенистые места, где растет крапива. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • Первое поколение личинок Araschnia levana живет с августа до сентября, второе — с мая—июня до июля. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Urtica. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Только крапива. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Larva

  • Расцветка гусеницы черно-коричневая. В начале жизненного цикла личинки живут группами, позднее — поодиночке; будучи вспугнутыми, падают с листьев кормового растения на землю. Развитие гусениц длится около четырех недель. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Egg

  • Кладка из цепочки овальных зеленоватых яиц крепится к нижней поверхности листа растения. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Overwintering stage

  • Зимует куколка. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Araschnia levana

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Irina Nikulina, Alexsandr Martukov.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

References

Comments

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20.08.2015 11:21, Peter Khramov

That tree taxa general form appeared - my oversight. Now they are removed from there. And, of course, no bindings fot the forms should not be only to taxa. He returned the pictures back. The forms are recorded only in the specification for photos or comments to her.

20.08.2015 10:41, Vasiliy Feoktistov

Alexander is a distinct seasonal forms for which there is a description.
Yes, I just suffered one and saw that good at it, though. And it is more convenient for the average user.
And so, yes, absolutely agree: chaos is not needed.
Because other types did not carry such a well-Makar: only made an exception for this kind where a lot of great photos.Though in the order cited :)

20.08.2015 10:33, Alexandr Zhakov

Basil, the form can not be ahead of the subspecies, the type is divided into subtypes, which may be presented in different forms. The forms do not have codes sistimatike. They are used for convenience. I will not discuss this issue. Let Peter decides, but any deviations from the system leads to chaos.

20.08.2015 10:16, Vasiliy Feoktistov

How should it look for this specific form where 3 codes are known form .. I think so.
All forms are placed on shelves:
Spring in the same block.
Summer in another block.
And in each block are invited to download the photo concrete form.
And directly on the page type has all photos.Subspecies name (if any will be picked up at this level), then we can add a second line.
The question is:
I look at the page of the form and the type subspecies dumped in a heap. That should not be.
Must be individually.

20.08.2015 9:38, Alexandr Zhakov

Basil, if you put the name of the form in the box for the subspecies, the Estestenno it will be perceived as a subspecies.Peter also stipulated that the bottom line is to form, what was the name of the form to put in place the names of subspecies? Think logically now to indicate on your form printsepu subspecies in the upper line have to write four words, the program stand?When there is not a standard question, YSU is best to first discuss and then we carry. :))
General now looks dumb gallery view. :(

20.08.2015 6:45, Vasiliy Feoktistov

Who I spread views on the forms and drew attention to the fact that in the form autosubstitution subspecies jump.
Peter, you have to fix it. The forms are not subspecies. There are only two subspecies: A. l. sachalinensis Shriôzu, 1952 and A. l. wladimiri Kardakov, 1928 .
And twice the specified A. l. levana. : Remove excess.

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Curators: Konstantin Efetov, Vasiliy Feoktistov, Svyatoslav Knyazev, Evgeny Komarov, Stan Korb, Alexander Zhakov.

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