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Pararge aegeria (Linnaeus, 1758)

Имаго  (Pararge aegeria)

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Papilionoidea family Nymphalidae subfamily Satyrinae tribe Elymniini subtribe Lethina genus Pararge → species Pararge aegeria

Species name(s)

Pararge aegeria (Linnaeus, 1758) = Papilio aegeria Linnaeus, 1758 = Pararge aegeria elegantia Fruhstorfer, 1909 = Pararge anticoexcessa Lempke 1935 = Pararge bilinea Verity 1953 = Pararge caeca Lempke 1935 = Pararge cockaynei Goodson 1951 = Pararge conjuncta Schnaider 1950 = Pararge dilutior Schultz 1908 = Pararge drumensis Thompson 1952 = Pararge elongata Lempke 1957 = Pararge evanescens Agenjo 1934 = Pararge fuscelegantia Verity 1953 = Pararge hormuzaki Miller 1932 = Pararge infrabrunnea Lempke 1957 = Pararge latefasciata Lempke 1957 = Pararge lineolata Verity 1953 = Pararge marginata Gussich 1917 = Pararge minima Pionneau 1930 = Pararge monicae Harrison 1949 = Pararge omnicaeca Lempke 1957 = Pararge parvocellata Lempke 1957 = Pararge postcaeca Lempke 1957 = Pararge posticoexcessa Lempke 1935 = Pararge postreducta Lempke 1957 = Pararge punctata Gussich 1917 = Pararge reducta Lempke 1957 = Pararge rozsae Bezsilla 1943 = Pararge synexergica Verity 1953 = Pararge venata Lempke 1957 = Pararge vernafusca Verity 1953 = Pararge albiplaga Warnecke 1942.

Speckled Wood

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:8646

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic.

Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #3. Karelsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #6. Evropeisky Severo-Vostochny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky.

Forewing length

20—22 mm.

Primary colors

Orange, Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Имаго  (Pararge aegeria)

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Длина переднего крыла составляет 2—2,2 см. Глазки на передних (один) и задних (три) крыльях. В целом окраска коричневая, со светлыми пятнами на периферии. У номинативной формы из Южной Европы глазки на крыльях оранжевого, а у бабочек из Центральной Европы — желтого цвета. Центральноевропейский подвид зовется rides Staudinger, 1871, Западноевропейский — tircis Butler, 1867 (обитает, в частности, в Великобритании, Ирландии). Кроме того известен подвид insula How. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Distribution

  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Crete, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, the European North-East, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, the Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Karelia, Mid-Volzhsky, Mid-Ural, South Ural. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Albania, Austria, Baleares, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Dodecanese Islands, Ireland, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Cyprus, Corsica, Crete, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg,Madeira, Macedonia, Malta, Netherlands, Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Northern Ireland, Northern Aegean Islands, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey (European part) Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland), Croatia, the Cycladic islands,Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • Бабочка распространена повсеместно в Европе, на высоте до 1000—1500 м, на востоке — до Центральной Азии, а кроме того, летает и в Северной Африке. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Lifespan

  • On the Black Sea coast of Georgia (Adzharia) butterflies fly until December. Personal communication. Evgeny Komarov.
  • Эгерия летает в двух поколениях — с середины апреля (марта — Моуха, 1979) до середины июня и с июля до середины сентября. Местами встречается и в октябре. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Местообитания: поляны и просеки лиственно-смешанных лесов, лесные дороги. Полет небыстрый, бабочка часто садится на растения либо на землю. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • Гусеница Pararge aegeria активна с сентября по апрель, а также в июне—июле (второе поколение). [85]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Gramineae. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Злаки — мятлик, пырей и другие. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Overwintering stage

  • Зимует гусеница или куколка. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Pararge aegeria

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Evgeny Komarov, Irina Nikulina.

Text data: Peter Khramov, Evgeny Komarov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

References

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