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Parnassius apollo (Linnaeus, 1758)

Самец  (Parnassius apollo)

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Papilionoidea family Papilionidae subfamily Parnassiinae tribe Parnassiini genus Parnassius subgenus Parnassius → species Parnassius apollo

Species name(s)

Parnassius (Parnassius) apollo (Linnaeus, 1758) = Papilio apollo Linnaeus, 1758 = Parnassius apollo (Linnaeus, 1758) = Parnassius apollo nordmanniides Bryk, 1912 = Parnassius apollo lamperti Bryk, 1912 = Parnassius apollo eubohemicus Bryk & Eisner, 1930 = Parnassius apollo agyiens Fruhstorfer, 1921 = Parnassius apollo melliculus Stichel, 1906 = Parnassius apollo pumilus Stichel, 1906 = Parnassius apollo confinis Belling, 1927 = Parnassius apollo sevensis Kesenheimer, 1920 = Parnassius apollo apenninus Stichel, 1907 = Parnassius apollo vistulicus Rebel, 1927 = Parnassius apollo sicinius Fruhstorfer, 1921 = Parnassius apollo alba Rebel & Rogenhofer, 1893 = Parnassius apollo transsylvanicus Schweitzer 1912 = Parnassius apollo thessalicus Bang-Haas, 1934 = Parnassius apollo comes Belling, 1930 = Parnassius apollo vicinus Belling, 1930 = Parnassius Apollo graphicus Stichel, 1899 = Parnassius apollo braniskoi Eisner & Zelny, 1977 = Parnassius Apollo excelsior Stichel, 1899 = Parnassius apollo vinningensis Stichel, 1899 = Parnassius apollo lessei Rougeot & Capdeville, 1968 = Parnassius apollo metaensis Eisner, 1959 = Parnassius apollo burjaticus Nardelli & Hirschfeld, 1994 = Parnassius apollo bosniensis Stichel, 1899 = Parnassius apollo geminus Stichel, 1899 = Parnassius apollo grajus Stichel, 1907 = Parnassius apollo bartholomaeus Stichel, 1899 = Parnassius apollo ventidius Fruhstorfer, 1921 = Parnassius apollo rebelianus Fruhstorfer, 1921 = Parnassius apollo tauricus Bryk & Eisner 1930 = Parnassius apollo turatii Rothschild, 1918 = Parnassius apollo gadorensis Rougeot & Capdeville, 1969 = Parnassius apollo adzharensis Sheljuzhko , 1924 = Parnassius apollo ciscaucasicus Sheljuzhko , 1924 = Parnassius apollo albidociliata Bryk , 1923 = Parnassius apollo andreashoferi Belling & Bryk, 1930 = Parnassius apollo brittingeri Rebel & Rogenhofer, 1893 = Parnassius apollo vilpiana Dannehl, 1933 = Parnassius apollo regius Lukhtanov, 1997 = Parnassius apollo montana Stichel, 1907 = Parnassius apollo nichollae Rougeot & Capdeville, 1972 = Parnassius apollo germainae Rougeot & Capdeville, 1972 = Parnassius apollo laufferi Bryk, 1923 = Parnassius apollo esendei Bryk, 1923 = Parnassius apollo rivalis Belling, 1930 = Parnassius apollo duplex Eisner, 1964 = Parnassius apollo manleyi Wyatt, 1964 = Parnassius apollo kosswigi de Lattin, 1941 = Parnassius apollo limicola Stichel, 1907 = Parnassius apollo suaneticus Arnold, 1909 = Parnassius apollo transiliensis Eisner, 1966 = Parnassius apollo antiquus Eisner & Zelny, 1974 = Parnassius apollo navasi Bryk, 1934 = Parnassius apollo dubius Bryk, 1912 = Parnassius apollo rachelii Eisner, 1975 = Parnassius apollo liburnicus Rebel & Rogenhofer, 1893 = Parnassius apollo carpathicus Rebel & Rogenhofer, 1893 = Parnassius apollo markerti Pfeiffer, 1954 = Parnassius apollo zelnyi Eisner, 1974 = Parnassius apollo minerva Bang-Haas, 1910 = Parnassius apollo carinthicus Stichel, 1907 = Parnassius apollo posthumus Fruhstorfer, 1921 = Parnassius apollo merzbacheri Fruhstorfer, 1906 = Parnassius apollo pandolfus Fruhstorfer, 1922 = Parnassius apollo nivatus Fruhstorfer, 1906 = Parnassius apollo rubidus Fruhstorfer, 1906 = Parnassius apollo chetus Fruhstorfer, 1921 = Parnassius apollo fabrei Rougeot, 1990 = Parnassius apollo victorialis Fruhstorfer, 1921 = Parnassius apollo rhaeticus Fruhstorfer 1906 = Parnassius apollo phrynius Fruhstorfer, 1921 = Parnassius apollo valesiacus Fruhstorfer, 1906 = Parnassius apollo bezauensis Reck, 1939 = Parnassius apollo hahnei Reck, 1938 = Parnassius apollo minor Rebel & Rogenhofer, 1893 = Parnassius apollo caloriferus Fruhstorfer, 1921 = Parnassius apollo turatinus Fruhstorfer, 1921 = Parnassius apollo cognatus Belling, 1928 = Parnassius apollo hoglandicus Kotzsch, 1937 = Parnassius apollo oravensis Eisner & Zelny, 1969 = Parnassius Apollo brunneomaculatus Stichel, 1899 = Parnassius apollo sojoticus Bryk, 1912.

Apollo

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:8794

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic.

Russia regions

#3. Karelsky*; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny*; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #15. Severo-Uralsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky; #26. Predbaikalsky; #27. Pribaikalsky; #28. Zabaikalsky; #31. Yuzhno-Yakutsky; #36. Sredne-Amursky.

* An asterisk denotes a region for which the species is listed as an migrant or information that requires additional checking.

Forewing length

30—45 mm.

Primary colors

Red, Brown/Gray/Black, White.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Самка  (Parnassius apollo)

Detailed information with references

Distribution

  • Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Hungary, Germany, Denmark, Greece, Spain, Italy, Norway, Poland, Romania, Sicily, Slovakia, the Soviet Union - the European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden and Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, Gorno-Altaisk, the European North-West (?), The European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, Transbaikalia, Western Caucasus, Karelia (?), Krasnoyarsk, Prealtay, of Baikal, Pribaikalskiy, North Urals, Mid-Amur, Mid-Volzhsky, Mid-Ural, South West Siberian, South Ural, South Yakutia. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Albania, Andorra, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles?Germany, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Norway (mainland), Poland, Russia, Romania, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Finland, France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden and Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Sedum telephium, Sedum album, Sedum rupestre, Sedum rosea, Hylotelephium caucasicum, Sempervivum, Rhodiola rosea. [28]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Parnassius apollo

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Vitaly Gumenuk, Yury Sokolkov.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

References

Comments

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23.03.2015 11:11, Stan Korb Corrected data.

Parnassius apollo (Linnaeus, 1758) → Parnassius (Parnassius) apollo (Linnaeus, 1758).

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