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Colias croceus (Fourcroy, 1785)

Самец  (Colias croceus)

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Papilionoidea family Pieridae subfamily Coliadinae tribe Coliadini genus Colias → species Colias croceus

Species name(s)

Colias croceus (Fourcroy, 1785) = Colias crocea = Colias edusa = Papilio croceus Geoffroy, 1785 = Papilio edusa Fabricius, 1787 = Colias Edusa aubuissoni Caradja, 1894 = Colias croceus cremonae Bang-Haas, 1912.

Clouded Yellow

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:8802

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic, Ethiopic.

Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny*; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky.

* An asterisk denotes a region for which the species is listed as an migrant or information that requires additional checking.

Forewing length

25—28 mm.

Primary colors

Orange, Yellow, Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Самка  (Colias croceus)

Detailed information with references

Synonyms and combinations

  • Colias crocea; Colias edusa. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Длина переднего крыла составит 2,8 см, а в общем и целом облик будет схож с ракитниковой желтушкой — ярко-оранжевый верх крыльев с каймой, покрытой желтыми пятнами у самок и серно-желтый испод. Вид не сильно изменчив, но размеры и количество оранжевых пестринок на внешнем крае передних крыльев самок все-таки могут меняться. Одна из наиболее известных форм — светлоокрашенная f. helice Hb. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Distribution

  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Crete, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, the European North-West (?), The European Central Black Earth, Central European, Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Lower Volga, the Volga-Average, Average Urals, South Ural. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Austria, Azores, Albania, Andorra, Balearic Islands, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Dodecanese Islands, Ireland ( mainland), Italy (mainland), the Canary Islands, Cyprus,Corsica, Crete, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madeira, Macedonia, Malta, Netherlands, Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Northern Ireland, Northern Aegean Islands, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey (European part), Ukraine, Finland,France (mainland), Croatia, Cycladic, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • Ареал вида — Европа до 60° сев. ш. Кроме Европы (севернее Альп и Карпат встречается как мигрант), шафранные желтушки встречаются еще в Африке, Передней и Малой Азии, Иране. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Lifespan

  • Первое поколение — мигрант, летит с конца мая до конца июня (с конца апреля по май — Моуха, 1979). Второе поколение шафранных желтушек летает с конца июля до начала августа, бывает и третье поколение в октябре, но редко. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Местообитания — равнины и холмы, клеверные поля. Но добирается и до 2000 м высоты. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • Личинка живет в июне—июле и в сентябре. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Trifolium, Medicago, Onobrychis, Lotus, Coronilla, Melilotus, Hippocrepis, Astragalus and other members of the Fabaceae. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Лядвенец, люцерна и эспарцет, вика, ракитник и вязель. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Larva

  • Гусеницы развиваются от 2 до 5 недель, а те, что зимуют — и до 10 месяцев. Темно-зеленые, с белесыми полосками на боках. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Pupa

  • Куколка зеленая, с желтыми полосами по бокам. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Leon Ortlieb, Vitalij Dobronosov.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

References

Comments

Note: you should have a Insecta.pro account to upload new topics and comments. Please, create an account or log in to add comments

28.10.2012 23:19, Peter Khramov

Added Old pro in September in the table.

27.10.2012 21:40, Anatoliy Kuzmin

With regard to the time of summer. Colias croceus I shot 20, 29 and 30.09.12g. in the Rostov region. http://fotki.yandex.ru/users/anatoliy-kuzmin-52/album/183922/?p=0 Table September - skipped.

18.01.2011 17:17, Vasiliy Feoktistov

Southern views and often migrate from south to north. And at one time it was mistakenly listed in the Red Book of the Moscow region. Now, thank God it was expelled from there.

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