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Cydia pomonella (Linnaeus, 1758)

Имаго  (Cydia pomonella)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Tortricoidea family Tortricidae subfamily Olethreutinae tribe Grapholitini genus Cydia → species Cydia pomonella

Species name(s)

Cydia pomonella (Linnaeus, 1758) = Phalaena pomonella Linnaeus, 1758 = pomonana (Treitschke, 1830) = Laspeyresia pomonella = Phalaena aeneana Villers, 1789 = Pyralis pomana Fabricius, 1775 = Carpocapsa putaminana Staudinger, 1859 = Carpocapsa simpsoni Busck, 1903. [9, 10, 11, 187]



This species marks on the maps: 4.

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic, Nearctic, Neotropic, Ethiopic, Indo-Malayan, Australian.

Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #3. Karelsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky; #26. Predbaikalsky; #28. Zabaikalsky; #36. Sredne-Amursky; #37. Nizhne-Amursky; #40. Primorsky.

Forewing length

7—8 mm.


14—22 mm.

Primary colors


Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Имаго  (Cydia pomonella)

Detailed information with references

Taxonomy, synonyms and combinations

  • Laspeyresia pomonella [11].


  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Crete, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1].
  • Austria, Azores, Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Dodecanese Islands, Ireland, Iceland, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), the Canary Islands, Cyprus, Corsica, Crete, Latvia, Lithuania,Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Madeira, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Northern Ireland, Northern Aegean Islands, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey (European part), Finland, France (mainland)Croatia, Cycladic, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Svalbard and Jan Mayen, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10].
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, Gorno-Altaisk, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, Transbaikalia, Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Karelia, Krasnoyarsk, Nizhny-Amur, Nizhnevolzhsky , Prealtay, of Baikal, Seaside,Mid-Amur, Mid-Volzhsky, South West Siberian, South Ural. [3].
  • The area - Europe, from which spread throughout the world - would be apple. [5].

Imago Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing just 0.8 cm. The base brownish, closer to the top and the middle spotted numerous thin gray lines cross. Hind wings just dark. [5].
  • The wingspan of 14 to 21 mm. The front wings are dark gray or dark brown, with a purplish tinge and a lot of blackish and whitish bars and stripes. At the rear of the outer wing mottled spot, bordered with golden stripes. Hind wings brownish-gray. [11].

General info about Imago

  • Imago fly only at night. [11].

Imago lifespan

  • One or two generations from May to August. [5].
  • In the southern part of the area two generations in Central Asia is three. [11].

General info about Larva

  • Young animals caterpillar vgryzvayutsya in apples reach the seeds and gnaw them. Damaged apple falls from the tree, a caterpillar comes out of it and crawls back to the tree in search of a new fruit. Caterpillar is actively lived about a month, and during that time it has time to spoil some apples.Before pupation the caterpillar comes out of the apple, climb on a tree trunk where looking for a place to pupate in which she weave a small cocoon in which perezimuet and then pupate. [11].

Larva food plants / other food objects

  • The larvae eat the apples, for which they have nicknamed apple chervemi. [5].
  • Apple (Malus), pear (Pyrus), Walnut (Corylus), Chestnut (Castanea), Rowan (Sorbus), Quince (Cydonia). [PC93].
  • Apple tree. The very wormy apples - her work. [11].

Larva lifespan

  • Caterpillars live when ripe apples. [5].


  • Before hundreds of eggs are laid in the formed fruits, ovary, at least on the leaves of host plants. [11].

Overwintering stage

  • Caterpillar. [11].

Subspecies of Cydia pomonella


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Vitaly Gumenuk, Andrey Ponomarev.

Text data: Peter Khramov, Vasiliy Feoktistov.

The species characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Vasiliy Feoktistov.



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02.06.2014 5:43, Vasiliy Feoktistov Corrected data.

Wingspan: No formalized data → 14—22 mm.

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