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Zygaena ephialtes (Linnaeus, 1767)

Имаго  (Zygaena ephialtes)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Zygaenoidea family Zygaenidae subfamily Zygaeninae genus Zygaena subgenus Zygaena → species Zygaena ephialtes

Species name(s)

Zygaena (Zygaena) ephialtes (Linnaeus, 1767) = Sphinx ephialtes Linnaeus, 1767 = Sphinx falcatae [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775 = Sphinx aeacus [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775 = Sphinx schaefferi Scheven, 1777 = Sphinx trigonellae Esper, 1783 = Sphinx veronicae Borkhausen, 1789 = Zygaena (Zygaena) ephialtes = Anthrocera ephialtes. [9, 10, 11]



This species marks on the maps: 3.

Zoogeographical regions


Russia regions

#8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #19. Sredneobsky.

Forewing length

18—20 mm.

Primary colors

Red, Orange, Green, Blue, White.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage


Имаго  (Zygaena ephialtes)

Detailed information with references

Taxonomy, synonyms and combinations

  • Anthrocera ephialtes [11].


  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Spain, Italy, Crete, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, the Soviet Union - the European part of Turkey - European part of France, the Czech Republic, Switzerland, Yugoslavia. [1].
  • Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Germany, Greece (mainland), Dodecanese Islands, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia , Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey (European part), Ukraine, France (mainland), Croatia,Czech Republic, Switzerland, Yugoslavia. [10].
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, the European Central Black Earth, Central European, Middle-Volzhsky, Sredneobskaya, South Ural. [3].
  • Central Europe (disjunctive), other Europe (rare). [5].

Imago Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing - 2 cm. Spots on the front wings usually 6, their color can be red, white or yellow, a characteristic feature of the species is the red (rarely - yellow) spot on the body. Kind of very, very volatile (see. Its Russian name). [5].
  • The wings are black, monochrome rear, front with white spots. Abdomen with a white or (more often) a red belt. The wingspan of 33 to 40 mm. [11].

General info about Imago

  • Places volley - limestone soil. Meadow. Shaded areas. [5].

Imago lifespan

  • From July to August. [5].

Larva food plants / other food objects

  • Coronilla varia, Coronilla emerus. [28].
  • Coronilla (Coronilla varia). [5].

Larva lifespan

  • From September to July. [5].

Overwintering stage

  • Obviously, the caterpillar. [5].

Subspecies of Zygaena ephialtes


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Andrey Ponomarev.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

The species characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.



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30.01.2014 20:33, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Larva.

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