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Zygaena trifolii (Esper, 1783)

Имаго  (Zygaena trifolii)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Zygaenoidea family Zygaenidae subfamily Zygaeninae genus Zygaena subgenus Zygaena → species Zygaena trifolii

Species name(s)

Zygaena (Zygaena) trifolii (Esper, 1783) = Sphinx trifolii Esper, 1783 = Sphinx pratorum de Villers, 1789 = Sphinx orobi Hübner, [1813] = Sphinx glycirrhizae Hübner, [1817] = Zygaena doris Meigen, 189 = Zygaena syracusia Zeller, 1847 = Zygaena seriziati Oberthür, 1876 = Zygaena clorinda Bethune-Bake, 1926 = Zygaena (Zygaena) trifolii = Anthrocera trifolii = Zygaena albomaculata Dziurzynski 1910 = Zygaena albomaculata Locher 1916 = Zygaena albomaculata Locher 1919 = Zygaena apicalimaculata Vorbrodt 1913 = Zygaena basalis Selys-Longchamps, 1872 = Zygaena basimaculata Vorbrodt 1913 = Zygaena basimedioconfluens Vorbrodt 1913 = Zygaena candida Burgeff 1914 = Zygaena carnea Dziurzynski 1908 = Zygaena confluens Staudinger 1871 = Zygaena doris Maigen 1830 = Zygaena flava Reiss 1964 = Zygaena flavescens Ziegler 1911 = Zygaena glycirrhizae Hübner 1814/17 = Zygaena gracilis Fuchs 1880 = Zygaena incarnata Guhn 1932 = Zygaena incarnata Vorbrodt 1921 = Zygaena marginata Burgeff 1906 = Zygaena medioconfluens Vorbrodt 1913 = Zygaena minoides Selys-Longchamp 1837 = Zygaena minoidesbrunnea Dziurzynski 1909 = Zygaena minoidesflava Reiss 1964 = Zygaena omniconfluens Vorbrodt 1913 = Zygaena orobi Hübner 1808/13 = Zygaena orobiflava Reiss 1964 = Zygaena pallens Vorbrodt 1921 = Zygaena pauperrima Vorbrodt 1913 = Zygaena pratorum Villers 1789 = Zygaena rubescens Burgeff 1906 = Zygaena ruficincta Tutt 1908 = Zygaena sexmaculata Burgeff 1914 = Zygaena sexmaculata Vorbrodt 1913 = Zygaena tripuncta Guhn 1932 = Zygaena trivittata Speyer 1877 = Zygaena wagneri Dziurzynski 1909. [9, 10, 11, 187]

Five-spot Burnet.



Zoogeographical regions


Forewing length

14—15 mm.

Primary colors

Red, Green, Blue, Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage


Имаго  (Zygaena trifolii)

Detailed information with references

Synonyms and combinations

  • Anthrocera trifolii [11].


  • Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Spain, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Sicily, Slovakia, the Soviet Union - the European part of France, the Czech Republic, Switzerland. [1].
  • Austria, Belgium, the British Isles, Germany, Denmark (mainland), Spain (mainland), Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, the Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Romania ?, Sicily, Slovakia, Ukraine, France (mainland part), Czech Republic, Switzerland. [10].
  • Across Europe, there are places in the European part of Russia. [5].

Imago Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Although the appearance is quite similar to theZygaena filipendulae, it is very different in size - the length of the front wing clover zygaenidae barely reaches 1.5 cm. Yes, and red spots on the front fender is not 6, and 5. The type varies, for example, It has form f. minoides all the spots merge into one big red box with a black border. [5].
  • UnlikeZygaena lonicerae @, from clover zygaenidae antennae are short, strong and short thick, wings are short and rounded, front wings spots more or less merge, and has a wingspan of 30 to 35 mm. [11].

General info about Imago

  • Clover zygaenidae inhabits damp marshy meadows, than again differs from the six-spot burnet - inhabitant of dry areas. [5].

Imago lifespan

  • Mid-June - mid-August. Sometimes (in warm years) years, beginning in May, but in any case it will be only one generation. [5].

General info about Larva

  • In the spring the larvae build a cocoon on the stem of the plant. [5].

Larva food plants / other food objects

  • Dorycnium, Trifolium, Tetragonolobus. [28].
  • Lyadvenets (Lotus cornicularis). [5].

Larva lifespan

  • August-June. [5].

Overwintering stage

  • Winters caterpillar in the litter. [5].

Subspecies of Zygaena trifolii


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Marija Jaunkunga.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

The species characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.



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30.01.2014 20:35, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Larva.

16.08.2011 21:47, Peter Khramov

Does anyone have a thread assumptions which carry foty?

16.08.2011 13:47, Eugene Karolinskiy

By Efetov catalog Sineva, this kind does not live in Russia (and lives in western Europe, and possibly in the western Ukraine and Belarus). Ergo, to trifolii can relate except 9013.

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