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Deilephila elpenor (Linnaeus, 1758)

Имаго  (Deilephila elpenor)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Bombycoidea family Sphingidae subfamily Macroglossinae tribe Macroglossini subtribe Choerocampina genus Deilephila → species Deilephila elpenor

Species name(s)

Deilephila elpenor (Linnaeus, 1758) = Sphinx elpenor Linnaeus, 1758 = Sphinx porcus Retzius, 1783 = Elpenor vitis Oken, 1815 = Chaerocampa lewisii Butler, 1875 = cinerescens (Newnham, 1900) = clara (Tutt, 1904) = obsoleta (Tutt, 1904) = pallida (Tutt, 1904) = unicolor (Tutt, 1904) = virgata (Tutt, 1904) = vautrini (Austaut, 1907) = daubi (Niepelt, 1908) = hades (Rebel, 1910) = alboradiata (Lambillion, 1913) = philipsi Niepelt, 1921 = scheiderbaueri (Gschwandner, 1924) = lugens (Niepelt, 1926) = argentea Burrau, 1950 = szechuana (Chu & Wang, 1980) = tristis Lempke & Stolk, 1986.

Elephant Hawk-moth.



This species marks on the maps: 13.

Zoogeographical regions


Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #3. Karelsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky*; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky*; #27. Pribaikalsky; #28. Zabaikalsky; #31. Yuzhno-Yakutsky; #36. Sredne-Amursky; #37. Nizhne-Amursky; #38. Sakhalin; #39. Yuzhno-Kurilsky; #40. Primorsky.

* An asterisk denotes a region for which the species is listed as an migrant or information that requires additional checking.

Forewing length

27—37 mm.


55—60 mm.

Primary colors

Red, Yellow, Green, Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage


Имаго  (Deilephila elpenor)

Detailed information with references


  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, the Soviet Union - The European part of Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia,Yugoslavia. [1].
  • Albania, Andorra, the Balearic Islands, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Ireland, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland ), Corsica, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, the Netherlands,Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Northern Ireland, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10].
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasian (?), Gorno-Altaisk (?), The European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, Transbaikalia, Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Karelia, Krasnoyarsk, Nizhny-Amur, Lower Volga, Prealtay, Pribaikalskiy, Primorye, Sakhalin, Mid-Amur, Middle-Volga, Mid-Ural,South West Siberian Yuzhno-Kuril, South Ural, South Yakutia. [3].
  • Area - Central Europe, in the north to the Arctic Circle, often in the mountains and foothills. [5].

Imago Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing is from 2.7 to 3.7 cm. Painting forewings mostly pink-yellowish, rear - red with black base. On the abdomen - two brown stripes. Besides all of the above for the average wine hawk characterized by unusually large eyes, because he sees the good in the twilight. [5].

General info about Imago

  • Flight of the gardens, parks, even in the cities, including rather big. In wild habitats - forest and heath meadows, floodplains and riparian respectively forests. [5].

Imago lifespan

  • From mid-May to July. Sometimes it's the second generation. [5].

General info about Larva

  • Deilephila larvae elpenor color can vary from light green to black and brown, but always at the front of the body will be 4 major oculate spots. Horn in the back end of the abdomen black, a little.The caterpillars are active at dusk and at night, climbing the host plant, they will leave before dawn, hiding in a shelter on the ground. Pupation held here. [5].

Larva food plants / other food objects

  • Vitis, Parthenocissus, Epilobium, Chamaenerion angustifolium, Clarkia, Galium, Calla palustris, Impatiens, Fucsia, Menyanthes. [28].
  • Fireweed (Epilobium angustifolium and Epilobium hirsutum). Also fireweed - touchy, grapes and cleavers. [5].

Larva lifespan

  • Caterpillar: from mid-June to August. [5].


  • Female average wine hawk lays eggs one by one, fixing them on the plants. [5].

Overwintering stage

  • Winters doll. [5].

Subspecies of Deilephila elpenor


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Vitaly Gumenuk.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

The species characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.



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30.01.2014 22:03, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Pupa.

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