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Deilephila porcellus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Самка  (Deilephila porcellus)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Bombycoidea family Sphingidae subfamily Macroglossinae tribe Macroglossini subtribe Choerocampina genus Deilephila → species Deilephila porcellus

Species name(s)

Deilephila porcellus (Linnaeus, 1758) = Choerocampa porcellus (Linnaeus, 1758) = Sphinx porcellus Linnaeus, 1758 = lutescens (Cockerell, 1887) = clara (Tutt, 1904) = hibernica (Tutt, 1904) = indistincta (Tutt, 1904) = scotica (Tutt, 1904) = suffusa (Tutt, 1904) = galbana (Gillmer, 1910) = flavocincta (Wize, 1917) = Metopsilus porcellus colossus A. Bang-Haas, 1906 = Pergesa porcellus porca O. Bang-Haas, 1927 = Pergesa suellus sus O. Bang-Haas, 1927 = wesloeensis (Knoch, 1929) = Pergesa suellus rosea Zerny, 1933 = cingulata (O. Bang-Haas, 1934) = Pergesa suellus kuruschi O. Bang-Haas, 1938 = decolor Cockayne, 1953 = warneckei Capuse, 1963 = Deilephila suellus kashgoulii Ebert, 1977 = Pergesa porcellus sinkiangensis Chu & Wang, 1980 = Eumorpha suellus gissarodarvasica Shchetkin, 1981 = sibirica (Eitschberger & Zolotuhin, 1992) = songoricus Eitschberger & Lukhtanov, 1996 = Deilephila porcellus colossus = Deilephila porcellus suellus = Deilephila suellus Staudinger, 1878 = Choerocampa suellus (Staudinger, 1878). [3, 9, 10, 187]

Small Elephant Hawk-moth.



This species marks on the maps: 8.

Zoogeographical regions


Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky*; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky; #25. Tuvinsky*; #26. Predbaikalsky*; #27. Pribaikalsky; #28. Zabaikalsky.

* An asterisk denotes a region for which the species is listed as an migrant or information that requires additional checking.

Forewing length

22—24 mm.

Primary colors

Red, Yellow, Green.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage


Имаго  (Deilephila porcellus)

Detailed information with references

Taxonomy, synonyms and combinations

  • Choerocampa porcellus. [3].
  • Deilephila suellus Oudemans, 1899 [258].
  • Deilephila suellus Staudinger, 1878 [258].


  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, the Soviet Union - the European part Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1].
  • Albania, Andorra, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Ireland, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Corsica Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, the Netherlands,Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Northern Ireland, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10].
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasian (?), Gorno-Altaisk, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, Transbaikalia, Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Krasnoyarsk, Lower Volga, Prealtay, of Baikal (?) Pribaikalskiy, Mid-Volzhsky, Mid-Ural, Tuva (?), South-West-Siberian, South Ural. [3].
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: Transbaikal of Baikal, Pribaikalskiy. [3].
  • He lives across Europe, in the Alps - to 1600 m. [5].

Imago Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing - up to 2.4 cm, respectively, significantly less than the butterflyDeilephila elpenor- the average wine hawk, although similar to a color and pattern as the wings and abdomen. Also, unlike its congener medium, at wine small hawk not two lines on the back, and only one. But all the same large, expressive eyes. [5].

General info about Imago

  • Habitat - floodplain forests along streams and rivers. Butterflies are actively flying to the light. [5].

Imago lifespan

  • Flight of time: middle of May - the beginning of July. In the south of Central Europe is the second generation. [5].

General info about Larva

  • In color may be different - the brilliant green, brownish, blackish ... As larvae average wine hawk, oculate have 4 spots and a horn at the end of the abdomen is still less than the average. Weave a cocoon. [5].

Larva food plants / other food objects

  • Galium, Rubia, Epilobium, Chamaenerion angustifolium. [28].
  • Cyprus, bedstraw, touchy. [5].

Larva lifespan

  • Caterpillars pink hawk carousing from July to August. [5].


  • Eggs are attached one for forage plants. [5].

Overwintering stage

  • Pupa. [5].

Subspecies of Deilephila porcellus


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Andrey Sazykin, Evgeny Komarov.

Text data: Peter Khramov, Evgeny Komarov.

The species characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.



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03.12.2023 12:37, Evgeny Komarov The taxons were merged.

Deilephila porcellus and Choerocampa suellus were merged.

03.12.2023 10:43, Evgeny Komarov The taxons were merged.

Deilephila porcellus and Deilephila suellus were merged.

30.01.2014 20:53, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Pupa.

23.02.2011 10:10, Evgeny Komarov

View transferred from generation to generation Deilephila Choerocampa.

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