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Hyles euphorbiae (Linnaeus, 1758)

Имаго  (Hyles euphorbiae)

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Bombycoidea family Sphingidae subfamily Macroglossinae tribe Macroglossini subtribe Choerocampina genus Hyles → species Hyles euphorbiae

Species name(s)

Hyles euphorbiae (Linnaeus, 1758) = Sphinx euphorbiae Linnaeus, 1758 = esulae (Hufnagel, 1766) = Deilephila esulae Boisduval, 1834 = Deilephila paralias Nickerl, 1837 = helioscopiae (de Selys-Longchamp, 1857) = Deilephila euphorbiae grentzenbergi Staudinger, 1885 = lafitolii (Thierry-Mieg, 1889) = defecta (Bartel, 1899) = rubescens (Garbowski, 1892) = cyparissiae (Schultz, 1903) = nigrescens (Rothschild & Jordan, 1903) = restricta (Rothschilf & Jordan, 1903) = bilinea (Schultz, 1904) = brunnescens (Schultz, 1904) = rufomelana (Tutt, 1904) = suffusa (Tutt, 1904) = mediofasciata (Mayer, 1907) = mosana (Lambillion, 1908) = viverina (Denso, 1908) = cuspidata (Rebel, 1909) = Celerio euphorbiae vandalusica Rebel, 1910 = Celerio euphorbiae etrusca Verity, 1911 = demaculata (Schultz, 1911) = latefasciata (Schultz, 1911) = perfulva (Schultz, 1911) = subvittata (Schultz, 1911) = grisea (Closs, 1911) = ziczac (Fritsch, 1912) = decolorata (Closs, 1913) = pallida (Closs, 1913) = variegata (Closs, 1913) = annellalta (Closs, 1915) = unimacula (Closs, 1915) = gonneri (Bannermann, 1915) = rühlii (Bannermann, 1915) = krancheri (Bandermann, 1916) = albicans (Closs, 1917) = krombachi (Closs, 1917) = nigricans (Closs, 1917) = olivacea (Closs, 1917) = Celerio euphorbiae sinensis Closs, 1917 = clossi (Hannemann, 1917) = elliana (Bandermann, 1917) = coniuncta (Lütkemeyer, 1920) = Celerio euphorbiae strasillai Stauder, 1921 = jachani (Closs, 1921) = caecigena (Bandermann, 1924) = griseonympha (Bandermann, 1924) = rudolfi (Bandermann, 1924) = canarina (Wladasch, 1924) = silesiana (Wladasch, 1924) = nigerrima (Sölzl, 1924) = sulphurata (Bandermann, 1925) = conspicuata (Bandermann, 1926) = Celerio euphorbiae rothschildi Stauder, 1928 = argustana (Bandermann, 1928) = ernata (Bandermann, 1928) = flaveola (Bandermann, 1928) = ilia (Bandermann, 1928) = nymphaea (Bandermann, 1928) = viereckana (Bandermann, 1928) = clementiae (Bayard, 1928) = Celerio euphorbiae subiacensis Dannehl, 1929 = atrolimbata (Dannehl, 1929) = cyanea (Wladasch, 1929) = grentzenbergi-ziczac (Wladasch, 1929) = incarnate (Wladasch, 1929) = lilacina (Wladasch, 1929) = testata (Wladasch, 1929) = typica-latifolei (Wladasch, 1929) = flavidior (Sohn-Rethel, 1929) = philippsi (Bandermann, 1929) = umbrata (Gehlen, 1929) = Celerio euphorbiae dolomiticola Stauder, 1930:REF#: 268 = apiciplaga (Gehlen, 1930) = nebulosa (Gehlen, 1930) = virescens (Gehlen, 1930) = cleopatra (Wladasch, 1931) = farinata (Wladasch, 1931) = multicolor (Wladasch, 1931) = oberthueri (Bandermann, 1931) = roseata (Bandermann, 1931) = nigra (Gehlen, 1932) = bandermanni (Wladasch, 1933) = grisearuba-saumoneae (Wladasch, 1933) = rubescens-mediofasciata-olivacea (Wladasch, 1933) = galiata (Bandermann, 1934) = zableri (Bandermann, 1934) = Celerio euphorbiae filapjewi O. Bang-Haas, 1936 = ancestralis (Wladasch, 1939) = confusa (Wladasch, 1939) = effuscata (Wladasch, 1939) = heliophila (Wladasch, 1941) = vinacea-reducta (Wladasch, 1941) = aczeli (Bezsilla, 1943) = suarezi (Agenjo, 1952) = minor (Vilarrubia, 1974) = Hyles euphorbiae lucida Derzhavets, 1980.

Spurge Hawk-moth

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:2826

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic.

Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #19. Sredneobsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky.

Forewing length

35—37 mm.

Primary colors

Red, Green, Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage

Pupa.

Имаго  (Hyles euphorbiae)

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing may be 3.5 cm. And maybe 3.7. Compared withHyles galii- Hyles Gallii on which this species is quite like myself, it had a large red field on the rear fenders and are typical olive spots on a light background of the front wings. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Distribution

  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Denmark, Greece, Spain, Italy, Crete, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sicily, Slovakia, the Soviet Union - the European part of Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, Gorno-Altaisk, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, the Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Lower Volga, Prealtay, Mid-Volzhsky, Mid-Urals , Sredneobskaya, South West Siberian, South Ural. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Albania, Andorra, the Balearic Islands, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Dodecanese Islands, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Cyprus, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia,Moldova, the Netherlands, the Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Russia, Romania, North Aegean Islands, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey (European part), Ukraine, Faroe Islands, Finland, France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • The area - the Mediterranean, where the butterflies settled north of the Alps. In Central Europe, there are also the autochthonous population. Sensitivity to cold is not as big as some other hawk moths. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Lifespan

  • From May to July. The second generation may occur in favorable years in the late summer. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Flies where milkweed grows - on the edge of the forest boundary strips, slopes and non-solar field roads. Euphorbiaceae revelers are active at dusk and night. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • The larval stage is active from July to September. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Euphorbia, reported also on Mercurialis annua, Polygonum aviculare, Vitis, Fuchsia. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Spurge. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Larva

  • Caterpillar yellow, with black rings, red dots and red as dorsal stripe. For pupation the larva crawls under a layer of grass. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Pupa

  • Dolly may lie under the grass a few years before it will appear from the adult butterfly. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Overwintering stage

  • Winters doll. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Hyles euphorbiae

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Svyatoslav Knyazev, Igor Sakhno.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

References

Comments

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24.01.2014 14:44, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Pupa.

26.10.2013 2:04, Peter Khramov

People. And the truth as synonyms? Or we can glitch which has crept in?

15.05.2009 23:11, Peter Khramov

Basil, everything is OK with the pictures, they are normally loaded (refer to. Cabinet). Most of them will be published soon (then in office will change their status).

15.05.2009 19:58, Vasiliy Feoktistov

Thank you Peter. Please look at my downloaded images. It may be there, there will be something for your site.

15.05.2009 17:44, Peter Khramov

Basil, you're right. Signatures corrected. Thank you for your comment.

15.05.2009 13:24, Vasiliy Feoktistov

Hello. It would be desirable to draw your attention to an inaccuracy. Hyles, who illustrated description Euphorbiaceae hawk not Hyles Euphorbiae, and Macroglossum Stellatarum (hummingbird hawk-moth or Rubiaceae). P.S. Unfortunately I can not provide a picture Hyles Euphorbiae (I just do not have it), but I will say that it is very similar to Hyles Gallii-Hyles Galii.

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