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Hepialus humuli (Linnaeus, 1758)

Самка  (Hepialus humuli)

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Hepialoidea family Hepialidae genus Hepialus → species Hepialus humuli

Species name(s)

Hepialus humuli (Linnaeus, 1758) = Phalaena (Noctua) humuli Linnaeus, 1758 = Hepialus thulensis Newman, 1865 = hethlandica Staudinger, 1871 = rosea Petersen, 1902 = grandis Pfitzner, 1912 = dannenbergi Stephan, 1923 = pusillus Stephan, 1923 = faeroensis Dahl, 1954 = fumosa Cockayne, 1955 = radiata Cockayne, 1955 = griseomaculata van Wisselingh, 1965.

Ghost Moth

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:6250

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic.

Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #6. Evropeisky Severo-Vostochny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #15. Severo-Uralsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #19. Sredneobsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #21. Severo-Yeniseisky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #27. Pribaikalsky; #36. Sredne-Amursky*; #37. Nizhne-Amursky*.

* An asterisk denotes a region for which the species is listed as an migrant or information that requires additional checking.

Forewing length

20—35 mm.

Primary colors

Orange, Yellow, White.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage

Larva.

Самец  (Hepialus humuli)

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing - 2 or even 3.5 cm: the females are much larger than males. In addition, individuals of different sexes differ in color - male shiny, silver-white, and yellow with orange female figure (front wings) and brownish (rear). As usual, the abdomen of females more weighty. Antennae in females and males are short. [5]. Peter Khramov.
  • Both males and females are covered with yellowish hairs underside of the wings of both sexes blackish-gray. Top different: snow-white male, female yellow with reddish stains. The hind wings are grayish females. The wingspan of the species - from 42 to 68 mm. [11]. Peter Khramov.

Distribution

  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, the Soviet Union - the European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, the European Northeast, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, Central European, European southern taiga, the Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Krasnoyarsk, Nizhny-Amur (?) Prealtay, Pribaikalskiy, North Yenisei, the North Urals, Mid-Amur (?) Mid-Volzhsky, Mid-Ural, Sredneobskaya, South West Siberian, South Ural. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Greece (mainland)?Denmark (mainland), Ireland, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Netherlands, Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland, Russia, Romania, Northern Ireland Slovakia, Ukraine, Faroe Islands, Finland, France (mainland), Czech Republic,Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • Habitat types - Moderate Europe to Lapland in the north. Get to the height of 2000 m. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Lifespan

  • Imago occur from late May to mid-August. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Hop hepialidae prefer to fly at dusk on the wet lowlands. Parks, fields and fallow land for a less interesting, but meet him there - it is also quite a commonplace.At dusk the first hop hepialidae males fly, but fly long, fast settling here and there and starting to allocate scents leading to the excited state of females who fly later. Next - pairing. [5]. Peter Khramov.
  • Prefers dampish place. [11]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • Caterpillars live from August to April (half year). [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Hops (Humulus lupulus), sorrel, various grasses and herbs. [5]. Peter Khramov.
  • The roots of the dandelion, sorrel and others. [11]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Larva

  • After the appearance of the light and short feeding caterpillars overwinter, then feed all summer, growing up to next autumn, winter for the second time, and only then pupate on the ground, in the tubular nest. [5]. Peter Khramov.
  • Caterpillar yellowish, with black dots and a brown head. He lives in the soil. [11]. Peter Khramov.

Egg

  • Eggs Hepialus humuli simply scattered on the ground during the flight. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Overwintering stage

  • Caterpillar. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Hepialus humuli

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Vitaly Gumenuk.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

References

Comments

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30.01.2014 22:08, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Larva.

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