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Phragmatobia fuliginosa (Linnaeus, 1758)

Имаго  (Phragmatobia fuliginosa)

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Noctuoidea family Erebidae subfamily Arctiinae tribe Arctiini subtribe Arctiina genus Phragmatobia → species Phragmatobia fuliginosa

Species name(s)

Phragmatobia fuliginosa (Linnaeus, 1758) = clara Sibille, 1927 = kolari Diószeghy, 1935 = obscura Obraztsov, 1936 = ochracea Zlotowzycki, 1948 = imhoffi Stoecklin, 1959 = Phargmatobia fuliginosa.

Ruby Tiger

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:6674

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic, Nearctic.

Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #2. Kolsky; #3. Karelsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #6. Evropeisky Severo-Vostochny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #15. Severo-Uralsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #19. Sredneobsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #21. Severo-Yeniseisky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky; #25. Tuvinsky; #26. Predbaikalsky; #27. Pribaikalsky; #28. Zabaikalsky; #29. Zapadno-Yakutsky; #30. Vostochno-Yakutsky; #31. Yuzhno-Yakutsky; #33. Severo-Okhotomorsky; #34. Kamchatsky.

Forewing length

18—20 mm.

Wingspan

22—36 mm.

Primary colors

Red, Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage

Larva.

Имаго  (Phragmatobia fuliginosa)

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing - 2 cm. The top of the wings cinnamon, with a little black spot in the center. The top of the rear wings red with black spots, which can vary greatly from individual to individual. Abdomen, too red, too, with black spots. Warns coloring. [5]. Peter Khramov.
  • Wingspan: 32-36 mm. Personal communication. Vasiliy Feoktistov.

Distribution

  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Iceland, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Crete, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, East Yakutia, Gorno-Altaisk, the European North-East, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, Transbaikalia, Western Caucasus, West Yakut, Kaliningrad, Kamchatka, Karelia, Kola,Krasnoyarsk, Lower Volga, Prealtay, of Baikal, Pribaikalskiy, North Yenisei North Okhotsk, North Urals, the Volga-Average, Average Urals, Sredneobskaya, Tuva, South West Siberian, South Ural, South Yakutia. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Albania, Andorra, the Balearic Islands, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Ireland, Spain (mainland), Italy ( mainland), Corsica, Crete, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta,Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Northern Ireland, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey (European part), Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland ), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • The area: the whole of Europe. Mountains - up to 3000 m. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Lifespan

  • The first generation - from mid-April to early June, the second - from July to mid-August. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Red-brown bear flies in the meadows and pastures, edges of woods and heath, and wastelands. By virtue of its protection from birds and picky to feed only on plants suffering from a cold and wet climate. Moths of the second generation are more common than the former. Flight at night. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • The first generation larvae live from September to early April, the second - from June to July. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Salix, Polygonum, Rumex, Potentilla, Rubus, Trifolium, Chamaenerion angustifolium, Calluna, Vaccinium, Andromeda polifolia, Plantago, Taraxacum. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Nettle and dead-nettle, Dandelion, and others. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Larva

  • Just like adults Phragmatobia fuliginosa, caterpillars are poisonous to birds and not attractive. Pupation is immediately after awakening from hibernation caterpillars, on poles and other crevices of trunks yes fences. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Pupa

  • Pupa brown upright in soft cocoon. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Overwintering stage

  • Caterpillar. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Phragmatobia fuliginosa

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Vitaly Gumenuk, Irina Nikulina.

Text data: Peter Khramov, Vasiliy Feoktistov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov, Vasiliy Feoktistov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

References

Comments

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26.05.2015 23:56, Vasiliy Feoktistov Corrected data.

Wingspan: No formalized data → 22—36 mm.

30.01.2014 22:12, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Larva.

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