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Spilosoma lubricipeda (Linnaeus, 1758)

Самец  (Spilosoma lubricipeda)

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Noctuoidea family Erebidae subfamily Arctiinae tribe Arctiini subtribe Arctiina genus Spilosoma → species Spilosoma lubricipeda

Species name(s)

Spilosoma lubricipeda (Linnaeus, 1758) = Spilosoma menthastri = Phalaena lubricipeda Linnaeus, 1758 = Bombyx lubricipeda alba Hufnagel, 1766 = Bombyx menthastri Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775 = Phalaena lepus Retzius, 1783 = Bombyx mendica Rossi, 1790 = Phalaena (Bombyx) erminea Marsham, 1791 = Chelonia luxerii Godart, 1822 = Spilosoma walkeri Curtis, 1825 = Diacrisia menthastri chishimana Matsumura, 1929 = Diacrisia mashuensis Matsumura, 1930 = Spilosoma menthastri elegans Bryk, 1948 = sotiriadis Koutsaftikis, 1973 = Diacrisia lubricipeda = Spilosoma lubricipedum (Linnaeus, 1758).

White Ermine

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:6680

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic.

Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #2. Kolsky; #3. Karelsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #6. Evropeisky Severo-Vostochny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky*; #15. Severo-Uralsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #19. Sredneobsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky; #25. Tuvinsky; #26. Predbaikalsky; #27. Pribaikalsky; #28. Zabaikalsky; #36. Sredne-Amursky; #37. Nizhne-Amursky; #38. Sakhalin; #39. Yuzhno-Kurilsky; #40. Primorsky.

* An asterisk denotes a region for which the species is listed as an migrant or information that requires additional checking.

Forewing length

20—22 mm.

Wingspan

34—40 mm.

Primary colors

Yellow, Brown/Gray/Black, White.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Имаго  (Spilosoma lubricipeda)

Detailed information with references

Synonyms and combinations

  • Spilosoma menthastri. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Wingspan: 34-40 mm. Personal communication. Vasiliy Feoktistov.
  • Длина переднего крыла доходит до 2,2 см. Окрас крыльев белый, с разбросанными по крылу черными пятнами. На задних крыльях пятен меньше, чем на передних — одно или несколько штук. Из похожих внешне бабочек можно выделить медведицу желтую, а также американскую белую бабочку, отличающуюся более мелкими размерами. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Distribution

  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, the Soviet Union - The European part of Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia,Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasian (?), Gorno-Altaisk, the European North-East, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, Transbaikalia, Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Karelia, Kola, Krasnoyarsk, Nizhny-Amur, Prealtay, of Baikal , Pribaikalskiy, Seaside,Sakhalin, the North Urals, Mid-Amur, the Volga-Average, Average Urals, Sredneobskaya, Tuva, South West Siberian Yuzhno-Kuril, South Ural. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Albania, Andorra, the Balearic Islands, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Ireland, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland ), Corsica, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, the Netherlands,Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Northern Ireland, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey (European part), Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • Ареал: Европа, на севере — до 64° сев. ш. В Альпах — до 1600 м. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Lifespan

  • С мая по июль. Иногда бывает второе поколение, чаще неполное. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Белая медведица летает по опушкам леса, закустаренным участкам и залежным землям, ночами. Как и медведица желтая, Spilosoma lubricipeda при опасности притворяется мертвой, тело бабочки изгибается, и врагу демонстрируется желто-черный рисунок на брюшке, который должен произвести пугающий эффект. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • Гусеницы крапчатых медведиц живут с мая и по сентябрь, в двух перекрывающихся по времени поколениях. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Salix, Urtica, Polygonum, Rumex, Rubus, Pisum, Trifolium, Geranium, Vaccinium, Plantago, Taraxacum, Lactuca. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Кульбаба и подорожник, крапива, яснотка, горец. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Larva

  • Гусеницы несъедобны, что характерно и для личинок множества других медведиц. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Spilosoma lubricipeda

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Vitaly Gumenuk, Maria Pozdnova.

Text data: Peter Khramov, Vasiliy Feoktistov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Vasiliy Feoktistov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

References

Comments

Note: you should have a Insecta.pro account to upload new topics and comments. Please, create an account or log in to add comments

24.06.2015 13:02, Vasiliy Feoktistov Corrected data.

Wingspan: No formalized data → 34—40 mm.

26.09.2014 20:11, Peter Khramov

Combined.

25.09.2014 12:45, Irina Nikulina

Note to the form Spilosoma lubricipedum (removed from the base of 26.09.2014 20:10): Peter, need to combine with this kind http://lepidoptera.ru/taxonomy/6680. The only difference in spelling lubricipeda (um)

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