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Tyria jacobaeae (Linnaeus, 1758)

Имаго  (Tyria jacobaeae)

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Noctuoidea family Erebidae subfamily Arctiinae tribe Arctiini subtribe Callimorphina genus Tyria → species Tyria jacobaeae

Species name(s)

Tyria jacobaeae (Linnaeus, 1758) = Phalaena jacobaeae Linnaeus, 1758 = Noctua jacobaeae Linnaeus, 1758 = Tyria confluens Schultz, 1908 = senecionis (Latreille, 1809) = Callimorpha senecionis Godart, 1822.

Cinnabar

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:6693

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic.

Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #6. Evropeisky Severo-Vostochny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky*; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #19. Sredneobsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky.

* An asterisk denotes a region for which the species is listed as an migrant or information that requires additional checking.

Forewing length

18—20 mm.

Primary colors

Red, Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage

Pupa.

Имаго  (Tyria jacobaeae)

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Fore wing length up to 2 cm. On the upper side - 2 red spots round shape on the edge of the wing - the red stripe on a black background. The top of the rear wings - red. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Distribution

  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Iceland, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, USSR - the European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, Gorno-Altaisk, the European North-East, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, the Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Krasnoyarsk, Lower Volga, Prealtay, Middle-Volga, Urals Average (?) Sredneobskaya, South West Siberian, South Ural. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Ireland, Iceland?, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Corsica, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Northern Ireland, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland)Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • Disjunctive Europe. In the north it comes to central Sweden, but there is rarely encountered. In the south, more usually flies through alpine Dahlin. In the Alps - up to 1600 m. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Lifespan

  • May-July. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • The dry habitats, meadows, sometimes quarry edge of the forest and the banks of reservoirs. Active at night. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • Larvae very remarkable - black and yellow transverse rings - caterpillars are poisonous, and to enhance the effect prefer to stay together in groups and spent only on reaching middle age. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Senecio, Petasites, Tussilago. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Tyria jacobaeae - polyphage, but her favorite dish leaves are poisonous ragwort (Senecio jacobaea), the poison of the plant absorb the tracks, thus becoming no less toxic. Also ragwort is quite a stern mother and stepmother, and butterbur. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Overwintering stage

  • Winters doll. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Vlad Proklov.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

References

Comments

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30.01.2014 22:13, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Pupa.

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