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Noctua pronuba (Linnaeus, 1758)

Самец  (Noctua pronuba)

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Noctuoidea family Noctuidae subfamily Noctuinae tribe Noctuini subtribe Noctuina genus Noctua → species Noctua pronuba

Species name(s)

Noctua pronuba (Linnaeus, 1758) = Phalaena (Noctua) pronuba Linnaeus, 1758 = Noctua connuba Hübner, [1822] = Triphaena innuba Treitschke, 1825.

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:7839

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic.

Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #3. Karelsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky.

Forewing length

23—28 mm.

Wingspan

44—60 mm.

Primary colors

Yellow, Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Самка  (Noctua pronuba)

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Wingspan: 44-60 mm. Personal communication. Vasiliy Feoktistov.
  • Длина коричневого, охрового или красно-бурого переднего крыла — от 2,3 до 2,8 см. А вот задние крылья как раз желтые, имеют черную кайму. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Distribution

  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Iceland, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Crete, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, Central European, European southern taiga, the Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Karelia, Lower Volga, Mid-Volzhsky, South Ural. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Austria, Azores, Albania, Andorra, Balearic Islands, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, British Isles, the Vatican, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Dodecanese Islands, Ireland, Iceland, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland)Canary Islands, Cyprus, Corsica, Crete, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madeira, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Russia, Romania, San Marino, Sardinia, Northern Ireland, Northern Aegean Islands, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia,Turkey (European part), Ukraine, Faroe Islands, Finland, France (mainland), Croatia, Cycladic, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • Ареал — вся Европа на высоте до 3000 м. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Lifespan

  • С конца мая до конца сентября. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Большая совка летает по городам и селам, садам и паркам, опушкам и лугам, болотам и верещатникам. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • С августа по май. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Cereals (Gramíneae), onion (Allium), rhubarb (Rheum), cabbage (Brassica), plantain (Plantago), spinach (Spinacia), Primrose (Primula), Tomato (Solanum), Dandelion (Taraxacum), hawkweed (Hieracium) Personal communication. Vasiliy Feoktistov.
  • Личинки желтокрылой совки не сильно привередливы — питаются на капусте и злаках. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Maxim Schwarz, Vasiliy Feoktistov.

Text data: Peter Khramov, Vasiliy Feoktistov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Vasiliy Feoktistov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

References

Comments

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10.07.2015 7:24, Vasiliy Feoktistov Corrected data.

Wingspan: No formalized data → 44—60 mm.

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