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Cerura vinula (Linnaeus, 1758)

Самец  (Cerura vinula)

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Noctuoidea family Notodontidae subfamily Notodontinae tribe Dicranurini genus Cerura subgenus Cerura → species Cerura vinula

Species name(s)

Cerura (Cerura) vinula (Linnaeus, 1758) = Phalaena vinula Linnaeus, 1758 = Bombyx phantoma Dalman, 1823 = gnoma (Fabricius, 1777) = diuramajor (Retzius, 1783).

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:8320

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic.

Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #3. Karelsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #6. Evropeisky Severo-Vostochny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #19. Sredneobsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky; #25. Tuvinsky; #26. Predbaikalsky; #27. Pribaikalsky; #31. Yuzhno-Yakutsky; #33. Severo-Okhotomorsky.

Forewing length

36—40 mm.

Primary colors

Brown/Gray/Black, White.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Самка  (Cerura vinula)

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Бабочка, больше известная внешним видом своей личиночной стадии. Длина переднего крыла — до 4 см. Рисунок крыльев черно-белый (больше белый), внутри с плотными чешуйками, кнаружи — с редкими. Отличается от белой гарпии не только размерами, но и серым (а не белым) низом брюшка. Под низом имеется ввиду нижняя сторона. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Distribution

  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, the Soviet Union - the European part Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, Gorno-Altaisk, the European North-East, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central, Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Karelia, Krasnoyarsk, Prealtay, of Baikal, Pribaikalskiy North -Ohotomorsky, Mid-Volzhsky,Sredneobskaya, Tuva, South West Siberian, South Ural, South Yakutia. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Dodecanese Islands, Ireland, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland) Corsica, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, the Netherlands,Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland, Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Northern Ireland, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey (European part), Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • Ареал — вся Европа до полярного круга. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Lifespan

  • Гарпия летает с конца апреля до начала июля. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Местообитания: пойменные леса, вдоль ручьев и водоемов. Бабочка активна по ночам. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Populus, Salix. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Ива и тополь. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Larva

  • Гусеница Cerura vinula зеленая, с выразительной головой на одном конце тела и длинным вильчатым хвостом — на другом. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Cerura vinula

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Marija Jaunkunga, Sergey Talanov.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

References

Comments

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