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Lycaena phlaeas (Linnaeus, 1761)

Имаго  (Lycaena phlaeas)

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Papilionoidea family Lycaenidae subfamily Lycaeninae tribe Lycaenini genus Lycaena → species Lycaena phlaeas

Species name(s)

Lycaena phlaeas (Linnaeus, 1761) = Papilio phlaeas Linnaeus, 1761 = Papilio timeus Cramer, [1777] = Papilio virgaureae Scopoli, 1763 = Lycaena phlaeas aestivus Zeller, 1847 = turcicus (Gerhard, 1853) = Lycaena phleas = Lycaena (Lycaena) phaleas.

Small Copper

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:8420

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic, Nearctic, Ethiopic.

Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #2. Kolsky; #3. Karelsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #5. Nenetsko-Novozemelsky tundrovy; #6. Evropeisky Severo-Vostochny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #15. Severo-Uralsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #18. Nizhneobsky; #19. Sredneobsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #21. Severo-Yeniseisky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky; #25. Tuvinsky; #26. Predbaikalsky; #27. Pribaikalsky; #28. Zabaikalsky; #29. Zapadno-Yakutsky; #30. Vostochno-Yakutsky; #31. Yuzhno-Yakutsky; #32. Chukotsky; #33. Severo-Okhotomorsky; #34. Kamchatsky; #35. Sredne-Okhotsky; #36. Sredne-Amursky; #37. Nizhne-Amursky; #38. Sakhalin; #39. Yuzhno-Kurilsky; #40. Primorsky.

Forewing length

14—15 mm.

Primary colors

Orange, Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Имаго  (Lycaena phlaeas)

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Длина переднего крыла 1,5 см, причем самки чуть крупнее самцов, хотя в общем представители обоих полов внешне очень схожи. Для пятнистого червонца характерны, каким бы странным это ни казалось, темные пятна — как на верхней стороне, так и на исподе крыльев. Кроме того, такая же темная кайма по краю крыльев. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Distribution

  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Crete, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, East Yakutia, Gorno-Altaisk, the European North-East, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, Transbaikalia, Western Caucasus, West Yakut, Kaliningrad, Kamchatka, Karelia, Kola,Krasnoyarsk, the Nenets-Novaya Zemlya tundra, Nizhne-Amur, Lower Volga, Nizhneobsky, Prealtay, of Baikal, Pribaikalskiy, Primorye, Sakhalin, the North-Yenisei, North Okhotsk Sea, the North-Ural, Mid-Amur, Mid-Volzhsky, Average Okhotsk, Average -Uralsky, Sredneobskaya, Tuva, Chukotka,South West Siberian Yuzhno-Kuril, South Ural, South Yakutia. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Albania, Andorra, the Balearic Islands, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Dodecanese Islands, Ireland, Spain (mainland) Italy (mainland), the Canary Islands, Cyprus, Corsica, Crete, Latvia,Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madeira, Macedonia, Malta, Netherlands, Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Northern Ireland, Northern Aegean Islands, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey ( European part), Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland), Croatia,Cycladic Islands, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • Ареал — вся Европа до мыса Нордкап на севере. Умеренная Азия, вплоть до Японии. Эфиопия. Канада. Восточные штаты США. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Lifespan

  • Бабочка может давать 2 поколения — с мая до конца июня и с середины июля по август. Иногда при благоприятных погодных условиях в сентябре дает третью генерацию; в Крыму встречается вплоть до начала ноября [Савчук В.] В южной части ареала, например, на Канарских островах, летает в течение всего года [Моуха, 1979]. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Червонец летает повсюду — в садах и парках, полях, лугах, забираясь на высоту до 2000 м. Не боится кладбищ, встречаясь там с завидной регулярностью. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • Гусеницы живут с сентября по апрель и в июне—июле. На юге ареала — круглогодично [Моуха, 1979]. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Rumex. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Личинка Lycaena phlaeas потребляет в пищу листья щавеля обыкновенного, воробьиного, а также горца и душицы. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Lycaena phlaeas

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Evgeny Komarov, Irina Nikulina.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

References

Comments

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