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Apatura ilia (Denis & Schiffermuller, 1775)

Самец  (Apatura ilia)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Papilionoidea family Nymphalidae subfamily Apaturinae tribe Apaturini genus Apatura → species Apatura ilia

Species name(s)

Apatura ilia (Denis & Schiffermuller, 1775) = Papilio ilia [Schiffermüller], 1775 = julia (Schranck, 1801) = laura (Viellot, 1821) = Papilio clythia Schneider, 1785 = Papilio junoniae Prunner, 1798 = Maniola julia Schrank, 1801 = Papilio minor Esper, 1777/79 = Papilio roeselii Bergstrasser, 1779 = Tachyptera tremulae Herold, 1844 = Apatura vittelinae Fabricius 1897 = Iridis vulgaris Bergsträsser, 1771.

Lesser Purple Emperor


Zoogeographical regions


Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #21. Severo-Yeniseisky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #27. Pribaikalsky; #28. Zabaikalsky; #31. Yuzhno-Yakutsky; #35. Sredne-Okhotsky; #36. Sredne-Amursky; #37. Nizhne-Amursky; #38. Sakhalin; #39. Yuzhno-Kurilsky; #40. Primorsky.

Forewing length

32—35 mm.


55—70 mm.

Primary colors

Orange, Blue, Brown/Gray/Black, White, Irisated.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage


Самец  (Apatura ilia)

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Wingspan: 55-70 mm. From related speciesApatura iris, perelivnitsa poplar has the following external features:
    Grasp the rear wings slightly curved, with no angular projection. The underside of the rear wings are brownish with a violet hue, purple sash dirty. [148]. Vasiliy Feoktistov.


  • Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Spain, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia and the Soviet Union - the European part of France, the Czech Republic, Switzerland, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, Transbaikalia, Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Krasnoyarsk, Nizhny-Amur, Lower Volga, Pribaikalskiy, Primorye, Sakhalin, the North-Yenisei , Mid-Amur, Mid-Volzhsky,Average Okhotsk, Mid-Ural, South West Siberian Yuzhno-Kuril, South Ural, South Yakutia. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Germany, Greece (mainland), Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Russia, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Finland,France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Populus tremulae, Populus nigra, Populus alba, Salix alba. [28]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Apatura ilia


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Igor Sakhno, Andrey Sazykin.

Text data: Peter Khramov, Vasiliy Feoktistov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov, Vasiliy Feoktistov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.



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04.10.2014 22:20, Vasiliy Feoktistov Corrected data.

Wingspan: No formalized data → 55—70 mm.

26.06.2014 16:14, Alexsandr Martukov

In the Red Book of the Vologda region (2006), category (3).

26.01.2014 19:33, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Larva.

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Project editor in chief and administrator: Peter Khramov.

Curators: Konstantin Efetov, Vasiliy Feoktistov, Svyatoslav Knyazev, Evgeny Komarov, Stan Korb, Alexander Zhakov.

Moderators: Vasiliy Feoktistov, Evgeny Komarov, Dmitriy Pozhogin, Alexandr Zhakov.

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