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Apatura iris (Linnaeus, 1758)

Самец  (Apatura iris)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Papilionoidea family Nymphalidae subfamily Apaturinae tribe Apaturini genus Apatura → species Apatura iris

Species name(s)

Apatura iris (Linnaeus, 1758) = Papilio iris Linnaeus, 1758 = suspirans (Poda, 1761) = junonia (Borkhausen, 1788) = rubescens (Esper, 1781) = Apatura pallas Leech, 1890 = Papilio beroe Fabricius, 1793 = Chitoria pallas = Apatura lutescens Schultz 1904 = Apatura pseudoiris Verity 1913 = Apatura salicis Fabricius 1807 = Papilio suspirans Poda, 1764.


Zoogeographical regions


Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #3. Karelsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #19. Sredneobsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky; #25. Tuvinsky; #26. Predbaikalsky; #27. Pribaikalsky; #28. Zabaikalsky; #36. Sredne-Amursky; #37. Nizhne-Amursky; #40. Primorsky.

Forewing length

28—32 mm.


60—70 mm.

Primary colors

Blue, Brown/Gray/Black, White, Irisated.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage


Самец  (Apatura iris)

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Wingspan: 60-70 mm. From related speciesApatura ilia, perelivnitsa willow has the following external features:
    Rear wing with almost straight white band in the middle protruding tooth. The underside of the rear wings reddish-brown with purple tint and white band. [148]. Vasiliy Feoktistov.


  • Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Denmark, Greece, Spain, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia and the Soviet Union - the European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden , Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, Gorno-Altaisk, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, Trans-Baikal, Kaliningrad, Karelia, Krasnoyarsk, Nizhny-Amur, Prealtay, of Baikal, Pribaikalskiy, Seaside, Average -Amursky, Mid-Volzhsky,Average Urals, Sredneobskaya, Tuva, South West Siberian, South Ural. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg Macedonia, the Netherlands, the Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Russia,Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Salix caprea, Salix cinerea, Salix alba. [28]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Apatura iris


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Elena Kenunen, Evgenie Bezgrebelnyj.

Text data: Peter Khramov, Vasiliy Feoktistov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov, Vasiliy Feoktistov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.



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04.10.2014 22:15, Vasiliy Feoktistov Corrected data.

Wingspan: No formalized data → 60—70 mm.

26.06.2014 16:14, Alexsandr Martukov

In the Red Book of the Vologda region (2006), category (3).

26.01.2014 19:33, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Larva.

28.02.2011 19:38, Peter Khramov

Sorry, I forgot to remove after the test system.

28.02.2011 18:00, Dmitriy Pozhogin

A. i. dd, dd. dd
It's a miracle subspecies such ???

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Project editor in chief and administrator: Peter Khramov.

Curators: Konstantin Efetov, Vasiliy Feoktistov, Svyatoslav Knyazev, Evgeny Komarov, Stan Korb, Alexander Zhakov.

Moderators: Vasiliy Feoktistov, Evgeny Komarov, Dmitriy Pozhogin, Alexandr Zhakov.

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