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Zygaena ephialtes (Linnaeus, 1767)

Имаго  (Zygaena ephialtes)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Zygaenoidea family Zygaenidae subfamily Zygaeninae genus Zygaena subgenus Zygaena → species Zygaena ephialtes

Species name(s)

Zygaena (Zygaena) ephialtes (Linnaeus, 1767) = Sphinx ephialtes Linnaeus, 1767 = Sphinx falcatae [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775 = Sphinx aeacus [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775 = Sphinx schaefferi Scheven, 1777 = Sphinx trigonellae Esper, 1783 = Sphinx veronicae Borkhausen, 1789 = Zygaena (Zygaena) ephialtes = Anthrocera ephialtes.


Zoogeographical regions


Russia regions

#8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #19. Sredneobsky.

Forewing length

18—20 mm.

Primary colors

Red, Orange, Green, Blue, White.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage


Имаго  (Zygaena ephialtes)

Detailed information with references

Synonyms and combinations

  • Anthrocera ephialtes [11]. Peter Khramov.

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing - 2 cm. Spots on the front wings usually 6, their color can be red, white or yellow, a characteristic feature of the species is the red (rarely - yellow) spot on the body. Kind of very, very volatile (see. Its Russian name). [5]. Peter Khramov.
  • The wings are black, monochrome rear, front with white spots. Abdomen with a white or (more often) a red belt. The wingspan of 33 to 40 mm. [11]. Peter Khramov.


  • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Spain, Italy, Crete, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, the Soviet Union - the European part of Turkey - European part of France, the Czech Republic, Switzerland, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, the European Central Black Earth, Central European, Middle-Volzhsky, Sredneobskaya, South Ural. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Germany, Greece (mainland), Dodecanese Islands, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia , Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey (European part), Ukraine, France (mainland), Croatia,Czech Republic, Switzerland, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • Central Europe (disjunctive), other Europe (rare). [5]. Peter Khramov.


  • From July to August. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Places volley - limestone soil. Meadow. Shaded areas. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • From September to July. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Coronilla varia, Coronilla emerus. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Coronilla (Coronilla varia). [5]. Peter Khramov.

Overwintering stage

  • Obviously, the caterpillar. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Zygaena ephialtes


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Eugene Karolinskiy, Vitaly Gumenuk.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.



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30.01.2014 20:33, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Larva.

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