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Zygaena exulans (Hohenwarth, 1792)

Имаго  (Zygaena exulans)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Zygaenoidea family Zygaenidae subfamily Zygaeninae genus Zygaena subgenus Zygaena → species Zygaena exulans

Species name(s)

Zygaena (Zygaena) exulans (Hohenwarth, 1792) = Sphinx exulans Hohenwarth, 1792 = Zygaena (Zygaena) exulans = Zygaena semistriata Tutt 1908 = Zygaena analiconfluens Vorbrodt 1913 = Zygaena analielongata Vorbrodt 1931 = Zygaena apicaliconfluens Bischoff 1967 = Zygaena apicalielongata Vorbrodt 1931 = Zygaena clara Tutt 1894 = Zygaena confluens Dziurzynski 1902 = Zygaena confluens Oberthür 1910 = Zygaena costaliconfluens Vorbrodt 1913 = Zygaena costalielongata Vorbrodt 1913 = Zygaena crassimaculata Vorbrodt 1913 = Zygaena exilioides Burgeff 1926 = Zygaena flavicornis Reiss 1950 = Zygaena fulva Spuler 1906 = Zygaena medioconfluens Vorbrodt 1913 = Zygaena omniconfluens Vorbrodt 1913 = Zygaena pallida Tutt 1897 = Zygaena parallela Vorbrodt 1913 = Zygaena pseudoscabiosae Hoffmann 1911.


Zoogeographical regions


Russia regions

#2. Kolsky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky; #25. Tuvinsky; #27. Pribaikalsky.

Forewing length

13—15 mm.

Primary colors

Red, Green, Blue, Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage


Личинка  (Zygaena exulans)

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing - from 1.3 to 1.5 cm, the background of black and red spots - 3 pieces plus one pretornal. The hind wings are red. There are much similar views. [5]. Peter Khramov.


  • Albania, Austria, Great Britain, Germany, Spain, Italy, Norway, Romania, the Soviet Union - the European part, Finland, France, Switzerland, Sweden and Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: Gorno-Altaisk, Kola, Krasnoyarsk, Pribaikalskiy, Tuva. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Albania, Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, British Isles, Germany, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Macedonia, Norway (mainland), Russia, Romania, Finland, France (mainland), Switzerland, Sweden , Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • The Alps and the Pyrenees, to 1800-3000 m. [5]. Peter Khramov.


  • Alpine zygaenidae occurs from July to August. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Venues - forb meadows in the highlands. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Astragalus, Rumex, Carex, Polygonum, Salix, Thymus, Vaccinium, Saxifraga. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Representatives legumes. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Larva

  • Track Zygaena exulans do not live alone, and gathering in groups, and also winter, with usually two times instead of one. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Overwintering stage

  • Caterpillar. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Zygaena exulans


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Diego Reggianti, Paolo Mazzei.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.



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30.01.2014 20:33, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Caterpillar lifespan: No formalized data → January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December. Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Larva.

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