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Zygaena transalpina (Esper, 1780)

Имаго  (Zygaena transalpina)

Taxonomy

class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Zygaenoidea family Zygaenidae subfamily Zygaeninae genus Zygaena subgenus Zygaena → species Zygaena transalpina

Species name(s)

Zygaena (Zygaena) transalpina (Esper, 1780) = Sphinx transalpina Esper, 1780 = Sphinx ratisbonica Scheven, 1782 = Sphinx astragali Borkhausen, 1793 = Zygaena alpina Boisduval, 1834 = Zygaena xanthographa Germar, [1835] = Zygaena maritima Oberthür, 1898 = Sphinx hippocrepidis Hübner, 1799 = Sphinx hippocrepis Hübner, [1806] = Zygaena hippocrepidis = Zygaena (Zygaena) hippocrepidis = Zygaena (Zygaena) transalpina = Zygaena autumnalis Verity 1916 = Zygaena ratisbonica Scheven 1782.

urn:lsid:insecta.pro:taxonomy:11844

Expansion

Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic.

Forewing length

14—15 mm.

Primary colors

Red, Green, Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage

Larva.

Имаго  (Zygaena transalpina)

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing - 1.5 cm, it is usually 6 red spots, though sometimes only 5. Representatives of subspecies ssp. tilaventa shine in the Alps yellow instead of red spots. Generally, the butterfly is highly variable, and forms a separate race for each limited site area (in Central Europe about six such races). [5]. Peter Khramov.

Distribution

  • Austria, Belgium, Germany, Spain, Italy, Luxembourg, France, Switzerland, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina ?, Germany, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Slovenia, France (mainland), Croatia, Switzerland. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • Calcareous Alps, the mountains of Central Europe. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Lifespan

  • From June to August. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Butterfly can be found only on calcareous soils, dry sunny slopes with sparse vegetation. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • From August to June. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Lotus, Coronilla, Hippocrepis. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Lyadvenets and coronilla, gippokrepis crested .. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Overwintering stage

  • Caterpillar overwinters. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Zygaena transalpina

Authors

Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Paolo Mazzei.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.

References

Comments

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30.01.2014 20:34, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Larva.

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