Create an Account E-mail: Password: Recover password

Authors Contacts Get involved Русская версия


Zygaena transalpina (Esper, 1780)

Имаго  (Zygaena transalpina)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Zygaenoidea family Zygaenidae subfamily Zygaeninae genus Zygaena subgenus Zygaena → species Zygaena transalpina

Species name(s)

Zygaena (Zygaena) transalpina (Esper, 1780) = Sphinx transalpina Esper, 1780 = Sphinx ratisbonica Scheven, 1782 = Sphinx astragali Borkhausen, 1793 = Zygaena alpina Boisduval, 1834 = Zygaena xanthographa Germar, [1835] = Zygaena maritima Oberthür, 1898 = Sphinx hippocrepidis Hübner, 1799 = Sphinx hippocrepis Hübner, [1806] = Zygaena hippocrepidis = Zygaena (Zygaena) hippocrepidis = Zygaena (Zygaena) transalpina = Zygaena autumnalis Verity 1916 = Zygaena ratisbonica Scheven 1782.


Zoogeographical regions


Forewing length

14—15 mm.

Primary colors

Red, Green, Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage


Имаго  (Zygaena transalpina)

Detailed information with references

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing - 1.5 cm, it is usually 6 red spots, though sometimes only 5. Representatives of subspecies ssp. tilaventa shine in the Alps yellow instead of red spots. Generally, the butterfly is highly variable, and forms a separate race for each limited site area (in Central Europe about six such races). [5]. Peter Khramov.


  • Austria, Belgium, Germany, Spain, Italy, Luxembourg, France, Switzerland, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina ?, Germany, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Slovenia, France (mainland), Croatia, Switzerland. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • Calcareous Alps, the mountains of Central Europe. [5]. Peter Khramov.


  • From June to August. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Imago

  • Butterfly can be found only on calcareous soils, dry sunny slopes with sparse vegetation. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • From August to June. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Lotus, Coronilla, Hippocrepis. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Lyadvenets and coronilla, gippokrepis crested .. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Overwintering stage

  • Caterpillar overwinters. [5]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Zygaena transalpina


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Paolo Mazzei.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.



Note: you should have a account to upload new topics and comments. Please, create an account or log in to add comments

30.01.2014 20:34, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Larva.

* Our website is multilingual. Some comments have been translated from other languages. international entomological community. Terms of use and publishing policy.

Project editor in chief and administrator: Peter Khramov.

Curators: Konstantin Efetov, Vasiliy Feoktistov, Svyatoslav Knyazev, Evgeny Komarov, Stan Korb, Alexander Zhakov.

Moderators: Vasiliy Feoktistov, Evgeny Komarov, Dmitriy Pozhogin, Alexandr Zhakov.

Thanks to all authors, who publish materials on the website.

© Insects catalog, 2007—2022.

Species catalog enables to sort by characteristics such as expansion, flight time, etc..

Photos of representatives Insecta.

Detailed insects classification with references list.

Few themed publications and a living blog.