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Papilio xuthus Linnaeus, 1767

Имаго  (Papilio xuthus)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Papilionoidea family Papilionidae subfamily Papilioninae tribe Papilionini genus Papilio → species Papilio xuthus

Species name(s)

Papilio xuthus Linnaeus, 1767 = Papilio xanthus Linnaeus, 1767 = Papilio xuthulus Bremer, 1861 = Papilio xuthulinus Murray, 1874 = Sinoprinceps xuthus.

Chinese Yellow Swallowtail


Zoogeographical regions


Russia regions

#27. Pribaikalsky; #28. Zabaikalsky; #31. Yuzhno-Yakutsky*; #36. Sredne-Amursky; #37. Nizhne-Amursky; #38. Sakhalin; #39. Yuzhno-Kurilsky; #40. Primorsky.

* An asterisk denotes a region for which the species is listed as an migrant or information that requires additional checking.

Primary colors

Red, Yellow, Blue, Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage


Имаго  (Papilio xuthus)

Detailed information with references


  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Trans-Baikal, the Lower Amur, Pribaikalskiy, Primorye, Sakhalin, Mid-Amur, South Kuril, South Yakutia (?). [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • It lives mainly in lowland mixed and sparse forests with broad-leaved herbaceous flowering meadows and shrubs. [95]. Irina Nikulina.


  • Two generations. Flight of the first generation - May, June, the second - from mid-July to mid-September [95]. Irina Nikulina.

Larva lifespan

  • About 6 weeks [2]. Irina Nikulina.

Larva food plants

  • In Primorye, the main forage plant Phellodendron amurense Rupr. (Amur velvet), in the Amur region - Dictamnus dasycarpus Turcz. (fraxinella mohnatoplodny) in East Transbaikalia - umbrella along with Dictamnus dasycarpus, Sakhalin - Phellodendron sachalinense (F. Schmidt) Sarg (velvet Sakhalin). All plants of the family Rutaceae (Rutaceae) [2]. Irina Nikulina.

Additional info about Larva

  • Caterpillars undergo four molts. Young caterpillars (first to fourth years) - brown mottled white, side, 3 large white spots - look like bird droppings.At the last, the fourth molt painting and relief covers tracks rapidly changing and mature caterpillar (age five) - smooth and painted in green, it hardly noticeable against the background of the leaves of host plants. [2]. Irina Nikulina.


  • The pupae of summer generation are colored green. Pupa pectoralis major ridge segments of the abdomen is lighter than other parts. On the back is the pupae develop fine mesh pattern of tiny yellow lines, making doll unobtrusive among the foliage.The vast majority of autumn colored pupae are no longer green, and yellowish-brown. Caterpillars of the 2nd generation attached to the leaves, pupate and fall with leaves on the ground, the pupae overwinter in leaf litter. [2]. Irina Nikulina.


  • Females lay a bright yellow opaque eggs one at a time, at least 2-3, near one another on the young leaves of Phellodendron amurensis. Time of ripening eggs 4-5 days [2]. Irina Nikulina.

Overwintering stage

  • Chrysalis [2]. Irina Nikulina.

Subspecies Papilio xuthus


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Evgeny Slobodskoy.

Text data: Peter Khramov, Irina Nikulina.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.



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26.01.2014 18:39, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Zoogeographical regions: Palaearctic, Indo-Malayan → Palaearctic. Flight time: No formalized data → May, June, July, August, September. Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Pupa.

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